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By Ellie Sumsion.

Basic definitions:

Learning: Learning is when you find out new information and it is stored in your memory. It
is a permanent change in behaviour; it's due to a life experience. Without this ability we
wouldn't be able to function

Classical conditioning: A process of behaviour hat…

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Pavlov's drooling dogs
Ivan Pavlov was trying to discover secrets of the digestive
system; he was also studying which signals triggered
response, such as the secretion of saliva. When a dog receives
food, saliva is created.

Pavlov was interested in learning aboutg reflexes when he saw
that the dogs dribbled…

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Little Albert
Watson and Rayner taught a little boy called Albert to be afraid of a
harmless white rat. At the beginning of the study, Albert wasn't scared
of the white rat and played with the animal. While he was playing with
the rat, the experimenters scared Albert by making…

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Systematic desensitisation: Phobic is gradually exposed to fear stimulus, it is done at a
pace comfortable to the participant and a hierarchy is created, Ranging from tolerable to
intolerable. The aim of this therapy is to reduce the fear response to the stimuli by making
the behaviour extinct. They are…

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Strengths and weaknesses of laboratory experiments:


controls extraneous variables
High control
Can be repeated
Increased control and accurate measurement.
Fewer distractions


Results are not hard to generalize.
Lacks ecological validity
Total control is not possible.
Results likely to be biased by sampling, demand characteristics
Raise ethical problems (Can…


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