League of Nations REVISION NOTES

Here is another set of History revision notes; this time they are for the League of Nations. 

They contain all that my own notes do, apart from notes on the events of Abyssinia and Manchuria; sorry!

Please enjoy :)

HideShow resource information
Preview of League of Nations REVISION NOTES

First 259 words of the document:

League of Nations ­
(OCR History GCSE)
4 main aims:
To prevent aggression by any nation;
To encourage co-operation between nations;
To work towards international disarmament;
To improve living and working conditions for all people.
Its 3 powers were:
Moral Condemnation;
Economic Sanctions;
Military Force.
These powers were NOT very effective:
No armed forces of its own ­ relied on co-operation of members to carry
out decisions; if Britain and France, its 2 strongest members, didn't act, the
League was powerless.
Military force was always a last resort ­ Members, such as Britain and
France, were still struggling from the HUGE costs of the war; they weren't
ready to fight.
Economic sanctions were hard to enforce ­ Member countries were
unwilling to stop trade with aggressors as it also damaged their own trade.
Structure and Organisation:
Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
Began work in January, 1920.
All members followed a Covenant of 26 rules.
Peace was based on collective security.
Every member country had a vote in the Assembly and the Council.
USA never joined.
Losing nations initially not allowed to join.
League began with 42 members, and by 1930's they had 59 members.
Met once a year; PROBLEM.
Lots can happen in a year; important decisions overlooked.
They had the power to:
Admit new members;
Suggest revisions to existing treaties;
Elect permanent council members;
Vote on budget.

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

The Council:
Met up to 3 times a year, or in an emergency.
Permanent and temporary members.
Britain, France, Italy, Japan ... and Germany (from 1926)
All had a VETO; they could instantly dismiss a decision ­ PROBLEM
Decisions by the Council and the Assembly had to be unanimous.
PROBLEM ­ Everyone had to agree on all decisions, which was very difficult.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

After 7+ years of improving, German membership was approved in 1926.
Successes/Failures in 1920's:
Vilna, 1920 ­
City claimed by both Lithuania and Poland.
In 1920, Poland invaded Lithuania and occupied Vilna.
Got to military force, but in the end nothing happened; Poland kept Vilna.
Significant failure:
League failed at their first hurdle; bad impression.
Let down a vulnerable state.
Upper Silesia, 1921 ­
(Industrial region)
Inhabited by both Poles and Germans; decided to hold a plebiscite; this went in
favour of Germany.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Border dispute between Greece/Bulgaria led to Greek invasion of Bulgaria.
League condemned the Greek aggression and forced them to withdraw.
Weak success:
Promptly resolved, but left one country furious ­ Seemed that there were different
rules for big and small countries; unfair.
Disarmament and the League:
Locarno Treaties, October 1925 ­
Main features:
A Rhineland Pact Belgium, France and Germany agreed borders laid down by the
TofV; borders guaranteed by Britain and Italy.
Rhineland to remain demilitarised.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Britain further undermined the League's power and signed a separate naval pact with
Germany ­ (German navy would increase to but always stay within 35% of the size of
Made important contributions to improvement of working conditions. It:
Agreed to target a working day of 8 hours.
Accepted that all workers had the right to annual paid holidays and to join a
trade union.
Agreed that no-one should be in full-time work under 15 years of age.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Effects of the Abyssinian and Manchurian Crises
If a strong nation would ignore the League, then they could do nothing about it.
League's delays made it look weak and unsure Unreliable.
Sanctions were shown to be useless.
Britain and France showed that they weren't prepared to use force.
4 major powers ­ Japan, Italy, France and Britain ­ all betrayed the League.
Smaller nations realised that the League couldn't and wouldn't protect them.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7


Arhant Sethia

Love the last bit...the acronym for failure...really appreciate it..thanks

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »