League of Nations REVISION NOTES

Here is another set of History revision notes; this time they are for the League of Nations. 

They contain all that my own notes do, apart from notes on the events of Abyssinia and Manchuria; sorry!

Please enjoy :)

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League of Nations ­
(OCR History GCSE)

4 main aims:

To prevent aggression by any nation;
To encourage co-operation between nations;
To work towards international disarmament;
To improve living and working conditions for all people.

Its 3 powers were:

Moral Condemnation;
Economic Sanctions;
Military Force.

BUT!
These powers were NOT…

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The Council:

Met up to 3 times a year, or in an emergency.
Permanent and temporary members.


Britain, France, Italy, Japan ... and Germany (from 1926)
All had a VETO; they could instantly dismiss a decision ­ PROBLEM
Decisions by the Council and the Assembly had to be unanimous.
PROBLEM…

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After 7+ years of improving, German membership was approved in 1926.


Successes/Failures in 1920's:

Vilna, 1920 ­

City claimed by both Lithuania and Poland.
In 1920, Poland invaded Lithuania and occupied Vilna.
Got to military force, but in the end nothing happened; Poland kept Vilna.

Significant failure:
League failed at…

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Border dispute between Greece/Bulgaria led to Greek invasion of Bulgaria.
League condemned the Greek aggression and forced them to withdraw.

Weak success:
Promptly resolved, but left one country furious ­ Seemed that there were different
rules for big and small countries; unfair.

Disarmament and the League:

Locarno Treaties, October 1925…

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Britain further undermined the League's power and signed a separate naval pact with
Germany ­ (German navy would increase to but always stay within 35% of the size of
Britain's.)

ILO:

Made important contributions to improvement of working conditions. It:
Agreed to target a working day of 8 hours.
Accepted…

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Effects of the Abyssinian and Manchurian Crises

If a strong nation would ignore the League, then they could do nothing about it.
League's delays made it look weak and unsure Unreliable.
Sanctions were shown to be useless.
Britain and France showed that they weren't prepared to use force.
4 major…

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Comments

Arhant Sethia

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Love the last bit...the acronym for failure...really appreciate it..thanks

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