Laws Relating To ICT

These are ICT from my teacher. GOD BLESS HER!! Thanks to her i might have passed ICT!!

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  • Created by: mar-rii
  • Created on: 07-06-09 18:50
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Laws related to ICT
There are 4 laws that you might be asked about in the exams:
1) The Computer Misuse Act
This law made 3 things offences:
a) Hacking - to gain unauthorised access to a computer program or data
b) Using computer equipment to commit fraud
c) Deliberately infecting a computer with a virus
2) Health & Safety at Work Act
Under this law, employers must make sure that their employees (people who work for them) have a safe place to
work. It is also sensible for anyone else using a computer (e.g. at home) to be aware of the health & safety risks so
they can make sure they are working safely - of course, home use isn't covered by the Health & Safety at Work Act.
Most of the ways of staying safe are common sense e.g.
a) Use adjustable (height & back support) chair that supports back so don't get back injury
b) Use suitable lighting so can see monitor clearly so don't strain eyes
c) Use blinds on windows to cut out glare on the monitor so don't strain eyes
d) Don't have cables trailing across floor as could trip up on them
e) Take regular breaks to avoid eye strain
f) Take regular breaks to avoid repetitive strain injury
g) Adjust monitor to correct brightness and contrast so don't strain eyes
h) Make sure all equipment is in a comfortable, easy to use position so that don't strain back or neck
i) Don't overload electrical sockets
j) Have fire extinguishers (suitable for use with electrical equipment) available as computers generate a lot of
heat and so there is a risk of fire
k) Don't use liquids near electrical equipment
3) The Copyright, Designs & Patents Act
This law relates to a wide range of things but for your exam you will need to know how it relates to ICT. In particular,
this law makes it illegal to copy or use
a) Software without the correct licence
b) Images from the internet without the correct permission
c) Downloaded music without buying it
Remember, you should not use someone else's work without permission, you should credit your sources (say where
you got information from), you can rewrite information in your own words.
4) The Data Protection Act (DPA)
The purpose of this law is to ensure that personal data kept about people is kept fairly. The DPA relates to data kept
on computers and data kept in written records. Personal data means data about an individual such as their date of
birth, how much they earn, medical records etc. Some data is described as sensitive personal data including their
a) Racial or ethnic origins
b) Religious beliefs
c) Medical records
d) Political opinions
e) Criminal convictions
The DPA calls a person whose data is being stored and used the "data subject" and the person who is using the "data
user". The "data controller" is the person who applied for permission for the business to collect and store data in the
first place. The "data commissioner" is the person who is in charge of making sure everyone in the country follows the
The DPA has 8 principles. They state that personal data must:
1) Be obtained & processed fairly & lawfully
2) Be obtained for specified (explained) and lawful reasons
3) Be adequate, relevant & not excessive for the purpose
4) Be accurate and kept up-to-date
5) Not be kept longer than needed for the task it was collected for

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Be processed according to the rights of the data subject
7) Be kept securely to prevent unauthorised access to the data
8) Not be transferred to countries outside the European Union unless the country has similar data protection laws.
The 6th of these principles is about the rights of the data subject.…read more


Miss Morgan

A fantastic resource clearly identifying the must know elements of most GCSE ICT specification.  A great range of past questions are also provided.

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