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The Role of the Courts
whenever a person is found guilty of an offence, the court must decide what sentence
should be imposed on the offender. The Magistrates are restricted to imposing a
maximum of 6 months imprisonment for one offence (12 months for two) and a…

Page 2

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the moment or under the influence of drugs or alcohol. The fear of being caught is
more of a deterrent than the fear of imprisonment. In one scheme of London's District
Line, crime was reduced by 83% in the first year surveillance cameras were used.
-General deterrence is intended to…

Page 3

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Factors Surrounding the Offence
s143(1) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 states the most important point to establish
is the seriousness of offences and also lists certain factors to be considered as
aggravating, making an offence more serious which are:
-Previous convictions for offences of a similar nature.
-The fact…

Page 4

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Sentencing Council.

Powers of the Courts
The four main categories of sentencing available to the courts are:
-Custodial sentences.
-Community sentences.
The courts also have the power to make compensation orders and, in motoring
offences, can disqualify offenders from driving.

Custodial Sentences
Most serious offences. These sentences range…

Page 5

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For serious offences of manslaughter, rape and robbery the maximum sentence is life
imprisonment. The judge has discretion in sentencing and does not have to give a life

Fixed-term Sentences
Imprisonment for a set number of months or years is known as a 'fixed-term
sentence'. Prisoners are released from…

Page 6

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object organised by the probation service. The exact number of hours is determined by
the court and worked in 8 hour sessions usually on the weekends. Eric Cantona was
found guilty of assaulting a fan and was ordered to help coaching sessions for young
footballers. Other countries impose a much…

Page 7

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offence; for instance a person convicted of a driving offence can be deprived of his

Young Offenders
This term includes all those aged under 21. The main aim of this sentencing is
reformation and rehabilitation. Young offenders are dealt with by the special
Magistrates Courts known as the Youth…

Page 8

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Most of the requirements are the same as the ones that can be used for adults,
however there are some aimed at young offenders, for example, the local authority
residence requirement whereby an under 17's can be placed in care of local authority.
Attendance centre orders are available for those…

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Explain the main aims and factors likely to be considered when deciding the
appropriate sentence for Bethan. [12]

June 2009

(a) Describe the custodial, community and other sentences available for young
offenders. [18]
(b) Discuss which sentences are most likely to prevent a young offender from
further offending. [12]



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