First 233 words of the document:
o Expressio unius exclusio alterius The express mention of one thing excludes
another. (Tempest v. Kilner (1846))
o Ejusdem generis General words which follow in a list are restricted to the same
kind. (Powell v. Kempton Park (1899))
o Noscitur a sociis A word is known by the company it keeps. (IRC v. Frere (1965))
o Ultra vires Exceeds the power delegated by Parliament (delegated legislation).
o Stare decisis et non quieta movere Stand by what has been said. Basis for judicial
Civil and Criminal Cases
o Habeas corpus - Application for release from unlawful detainment.
o Ratio decidendi The binding precedent and reasoning for a judge making a given
o Obiter dicta Non-binding precedent, may include theoretical scenarios and `what
o Per incuriam Where the CoA believes it made a previous error in judgement and
can therefore depart from it. Can only be used in extreme circumstances (Rickards v.
Rickards, Young's case)
o Mens rea The mental element of a crime.
o Actus reus The physical element of a crime.
o Novus actus interveniens New and intervening act that breaks the chain of
o Nexus A bond/link/tie etc.
o Res ipsa loquitur A thing speaks for itself (Byrne v. Boudle (1863)).