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Anno Domini Language
· 43 ­ Roman invasion of England under Claudius.
· 150 ­ Germanic speakers settle in England from the coast of Germany.
· 449 ­ Traditional date for the beginning of Anglo-Saxon Settlement.
· 450-480 ­ First (surviving) Old English (OE) runic inscriptions.
· c700 ­ First manuscript records of OE.
· 871 ­ Alfred becomes King of Wessex and translates from Latin to OE.
· 995 ­ The late Anglo-Saxon bible.
· c1000 ­ Date of the oldest surviving copy of the epic Beowulf.
· 1066 ­ Battle of Hastings; French king takes over England. French is used
in Courts, English by the majority of the natives, Latin in church and Danish
in the Northeast.
· 1348 ­ English replaces Latin in schools (excepting Oxford and Cambridge)
· 1362 ­ English replaces French as the language of the Courts and is used in
Parliament for the first time.…read more

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1387 ­ Prologue to Canterbury Tales ­ Chaucer; written primarily
in English in preference to Latin or French.
· 1389 ­ The Wyclef Bible
· 1476 ­ First English book published. Caxton sets up printing press
in Westminster.
· 1478 - The Canterbury Tales published.
· 1526 ­ Tyndale Bible
· 1564 ­ William Shakespeare born
· 1582 ­ Mulcaster's Dictionary.
· 1604 ­ Robert Cawdrey's Table Alphabeticall of Harde Words.
· 1611 ­ King James Bible published.
· 1616 ­ Death of Shakespeare.
· 1700 ­ `Thou' becomes unused.
· 1701 - `Do' construction becomes standard.
· 1702 ­ First newspaper, the Daily Courant, published in English.
- Writers capitalised every noun they felt important.
· 1713 ­ Jonathan Swift tried to set up an institution similar to the
Academie Francaise in order to try and deter the inkhorn terms
flooding English.…read more

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1755 ­ Jonson's Dictionary of the English Language
published.
· 1762 ­ Robert Lowth's prescriptive grammar book
published.
· 1790 ­ Noah Webster mourns the passing of every
noun being capitalised.
· 1795 ­ Lindley Murray's grammar book published.
· 1911 ­ Concise Oxford Dictionary published.
· 1922 ­ BBC established
· 1928- OED published under James Murray.
· 1938 ­ Photocopying invented.
· 1961 ­ New English Bible published.
· 1994 ­ The internet revolutionises communication
worldwide.…read more

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th
Language at the end of the 16
Century
· U/V interchanges sole example of OE remaining.
· Long and short `s' still written and printed.
· Passive voice in use.
· Relative pronoun, `which', used for people.
· Modal verbs established.
· `-e' inflection still present.
· Vergules no longer in use.
· Possessive apostrophes still absent.
· Assimilation from Greek, Latin etc.
· `Thou' pragmatically implied intimacy.
· 3P sing. present `-eth' and `-s' inflections
· S and V inversion for interrogatives and negatives
· `Do' auxiliary in usage.
· Plural `-en' inflection dropping out of use.
· Double negatives common.
· Adverbs precede verbs.…read more

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Adjectives follow nouns.
· Strong verbs take weak past `-ed' inflection.
· No past `do' auxiliary.
· Generic `his' for `its' and `hers'.
· Modal `shall' used for all/will.
· Double superlatives.
· Limited prepositions…read more

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