Language Change Overtime- Standardisation (Part I)

This first part gives a quick and brief key points on standardisation and language change over time. I tried to keep it concise and comprehended for easy revision. I'll be uploading all notes on standardisation, language change theories and key events soon.  Good Luck ;) 

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  • Created by: Nora
  • Created on: 06-05-12 12:51
Preview of Language Change Overtime- Standardisation (Part I)

First 206 words of the document:

James and Lesley Milroy (1991) define standardisation as: the suppression
of optional variability in language observing that "the various stages
involved in the development of a standard language can be described as
the consequence of a need to uniformity that's felt by influential portions
of society in a given time".
Lesley & James Milroy (1991): identified the stages involved in the
standardization process these are (in order of occurrence): selection,
acceptance, diffusion, maintenance, elaboration of function, codification
and prescription.
Samuel Johnson (1755): Dictionary of Language. Noah Webster (1758-
1843): conducted a standardisation programme for American English.
Old English (400-1150)- after the Norman invasion the English language
was taken over by French. Latin continued to be the language of religion,
scholarship and education. Triglossic Situation- English was reduced once
more to a Low Language; however, high functions of the language were
shared between Latin and French.
The spoken medium at the time created social distinction. English as a Low
Language was spoken largely by common people. French was the language
of aristocracy whereas Latin was the medium of the church and was used
for administrative purposes.


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