First 206 words of the document:
James and Lesley Milroy (1991) define standardisation as: the suppression
of optional variability in language observing that "the various stages
involved in the development of a standard language can be described as
the consequence of a need to uniformity that's felt by influential portions
of society in a given time".
Lesley & James Milroy (1991): identified the stages involved in the
standardization process these are (in order of occurrence): selection,
acceptance, diffusion, maintenance, elaboration of function, codification
Samuel Johnson (1755): Dictionary of Language. Noah Webster (1758-
1843): conducted a standardisation programme for American English.
Old English (400-1150)- after the Norman invasion the English language
was taken over by French. Latin continued to be the language of religion,
scholarship and education. Triglossic Situation- English was reduced once
more to a Low Language; however, high functions of the language were
shared between Latin and French.
The spoken medium at the time created social distinction. English as a Low
Language was spoken largely by common people. French was the language
of aristocracy whereas Latin was the medium of the church and was used
for administrative purposes.