Land Use in an Urban Area in an MEDC: Reading, UK

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Land Use in an Urban Area in an MEDC: Reading, UK.
Location: Berkshire, in the Thames Valley ­ near the confluence of the River Thames and the River Kennet
Concentrated on Broad Street, Friar Street and The Oracle shopping centre.
West of the confluence of the River Thames and River Kennet.
Located within a ring road called the Inner Distribution Road (IDR).
The CBD is a zone of renewal and redevelopment and contains the most important shops, offices and entertainment facilities. Important public
buildings include the library and town hall.
Land is in short supply and is therefore very expensive ­ as a result, buildings are built upwards rather than outwards to take up the minimum
amount of space.
Other shops and offices outside of the Oracle shopping centre must have a high turnover in order to pay for expensive price of land.
The CBD is the most accessible part of the town ­ the A4 and A329 meet here.
Inner City/Twilight Zone:
Just outside the CBD.
High-density housing was built between 1850 and 1914 and tends to be either two-bedroomed terraces in a grid-iron pattern, or larger houses
built along the main roads, e.g. the A4 leading into town.
Mainly light industry and small workshops.
Many larger houses have been split into offices and bedsits or used for doctor's surgeries.
Terraced houses were built for factory workers so they could live close to their work ­ hence they were small and functional.
Larger houses originally built for owners of the industry ­ along the main roads for ease of access and to impress visitors to the town.
Inner Suburbs:
Lower-density housing, mainly semi-detached or detached.
Houses tend to be bigger because price of land is lower.
The majority of the land is owner occupied, although there are some large out-of-town social priority estates, e.g. Whitley Wood.
Most houses have a garage and they all have front and back gardens.
Other land uses include open spaces for playing fields and parks, schools and hospitals.
Housing was built to accommodate the growing demand for larger housing as population grew and people became wealthier.
Housing could be built further from the CBD due to the increase in public transport provision and car ownership.
Outer Suburbs:
Larger and detached houses.
Large gardens and, in many cases, a double garage.

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Land is cheaper so there is a rise in demand for larger residences as people become wealthier.
The location on the outskirts is away from the noise and pollution of the town.
The increase in car ownership allowed people to live further away from their place of work.
Industrial Areas:
Located around the town.
Reading's original industries were the 'Three Bs' ­ Biscuits, Bulbs and Brewing. There is now only a brewery left close to the M4 motorway at
junction 11.…read more


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