Land Resources

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Land resources
Landscape protectionconserving aesthetic appeal, involves maintenance of certain features
e.g. woodlands, stone walls and ponds. Includes active management for human created
ones as well e.g. stop secondary sucession
Landscape enchantment restoration and development of countryside features e.g.
restoration of meanders
Visitor management careful provision of facilities that do not damage countryside e.g.
paths made of sand. Providing good facilities will attract the public and help keep them
away from sites where their presence would cause problems
Honeypot site area that is particularly attractive to visitors e.g. cafe
Aims of national parks
1. Conserve/enhance natural beauty, wildlife and heritage
2. Promote wildlife understanding
3. Maintain rural economy
Conflicts with national parks
1. Soil erosion e.g. walking and cycling. Directing visitors away from vulnerable areas.
2. Congestion from large number of visitors thus increases pollution. Some parks
encourage use of buses etc. when visiting
3. Disturbance of wildlife e.g. trampled vegetation and ground nesting birds. Restrict
areas or encourage visitors to go elsewhere
4. Litter left by visitors can cause wildlife to become injured. Glass can start fires on
sunny days
5. Land use conflicts e.g. Water skiing and boat rides
Areas of outstanding natural beauty (AONB) used to conserve and enhance natural beauty.
Tend to be used for farming etc. allow planning unlike national parks. Also allow expansion
of LOCAL industry
Heritage coasts protect undeveloped coastline from development
National trails establish public rights to walk through areas of scenic value
Local authorities
1. Country park areas of land intended to provide informal recreational opportunities
for the public
2. Urban green space/urban park provide facility for those who rarely see the

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DEFRA sets up agrienvironmental schemes e.g. environmental stewardship scheme (ESS)
so influences countryside
1. Maintain historical features
2. Protect wildlife
3. Appearance of countryside e.g. hedgerows (entry level)
4. Higher level stewardship can include things like footpaths and public access
The national trust protects threatened coastline, countryside and buildings from
development for public enjoyment.
Important habitats are managed or created for wildlife, using traditional techniques
National coastline campaign Involves the purchase and protection of important coastlines
e.g.…read more

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Planning applications granted if appropriate within local/national area.
National parks ­no new urban development's unless needed by the existing local
community. Housing only for local community and buildings must be appropriate. Local
materials and traditional architectural designs
Green belts designated area around an urban area to prevent urban sprawl
Aims of green belts
1. Protect countryside from further urban intrusion
2. Stop urban areas from merging
3. Reduce congestion
4. Encourage use of brown field sites
Problems of green belts
1.…read more

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A description of the environment
3. A description of the impacts of the project on the environments, often using a
Leopold Matrix
4. Project modifications that would reduce impacts
5. Possible alternatives to the proposal,
6. A nontechnical summary
7. Publishing of a summary that can be understood by the public
Cost benefit analysis
Method to assess overall view of an activity by giving a financial value to impacts aka
benefits and costs. Benefit = increase in local employment. Cost = labour cost.…read more


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