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KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD




REALISM
Realists claim that physical objects exist as things that are independent of our minds and of our
perceptions of them [Idealists argue that physical objects, in the sense that realists of them as
independent of our minds, don't exist at all]

Direct realism: The…

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KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD




Representative realism: Perception of external objects involves causal chains that originate in the
objects being perceived and end with brain states giving rise to sensations,
which are the immediate objects of our awareness

According to representative realism sense data are mental things that exist as…

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KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD




IDEALISM: "esse est percipi" Bishop Berkeley. Translates into `to be is to be perceived'.
Without a perception there is no external world e.g. the world didn't `til it was perceived by a mind.
Physical objects are a mind-dependant bundle of ideas that we assemble and…

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KNOWLEDGE OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD




Aishah NaharPage 4

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