kibera and rocinha slum information

notes on 2 slums for the urbanisation topic for gcse geography

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Bethany Rossiter 04/03/11
Geography Homework: Kibera and Rocinha slums
Kibera:
It's the largest slum in Nairobi and the
second largest in Africa. It lies 3.1 miles
(5 kilometres) from the city centre.
It has an estimated population of
170,070.
Kibera is divides into 13 villages
including: Kianda, Soweto East,
Gatwekera, Kisumu Ndogo, Lindi, Laini
Saba, Siranga, Makina and Mashimoni.
It has very poor sanitation; it is heavily
polluted with rubbish, human refuse, soot,
dust and other pollutants.
The slum is contaminated with human and animal faces because of the open
sewerage system. The lack of sanitation and the poor diet among residents
is the main reason for the high number of illnesses and diseases. As a result
the life expectancy is very low here and infant mortality is high.
In 2009 the Kenyan government began to rehouse the residents in Kibera.
The new community will have schools, markets, playgrounds as well as houses
connected to electricity and water.
Rocinha:
It is the largest favela (shanty town) in Rio de Janeiro and one of the most
developed.
It's located on Rio's south zone, between the districts of Sao Conrado and
Gávea. It is built on a steep hillside overlooking the city just 1 kilometre
from the beach.
Over the years it has developed from a typical shanty town and now can be
classified as a neighbourhood.
Most houses are 3-4 stories tall and they all have basic sanitation, plumbing
and electricity.
It also has hundreds of businesses and banks, medicine stores, bus lanes and
cable television. This has helped it to become a favela neighbourhood.

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