Key trends family

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  • Created on: 04-11-12 16:56
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Key trends
What is the family?
A key aspect of family is kinship (ties through blood and
marriage).
Allan and Crow ­ things have become more complex due to
changing patterns of cohabitation, divorce and remarriage.
Seems that ties that are maintained and developed are
socially defined.
Jordan ­ parenthood and partnership was given
prominence when defining family.
Key Concepts
Nuclear family
Two generations ­ parents and
children
It has been prominent in the mass
media
Leach ­ it is the `cereal packet
image'
Barrett and McIntosh ­ says nuclear
family devalues alternative ways of
living. The family does not always live
up to image ­ often abuse and neglect.
New labor government believes it is the
best foundation for stable families although does not
condemn other types.
Extended families
Kin beyond nuclear. Could be vertical (third generation) or
horizontal (wife's sister).
1
Key Concepts and Trends

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Popular in past where family were reliant on each other
for support and with work.
Young and Willmott ­ the family developed
through 4 stages from extended to nuclear.
It was just a reflection for the needs of the
time.
McGlone ­ from the social attitudes survey he found that in
the 1990s contact between relatives still frequent. They
used the extended family for; emotional support, helping
with jobs and for financial assistance.
Households
A house is a dwelling where two or more people live.…read more

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Increase in housing costs
- Lack of social housing
- Expense of higher education
Marriage
Allan and Crow ­ marriage is now on
relationship, people expect emotional fulfillment.
Before women would of not had economic
freedom to divorce
Decline in marriages
Peak for marriage was 1972 with 480,000 marriages (those
from baby boom married)
But in 2005 still half of all men and women were married.…read more

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Matrimonial Family Proceedings: Only have to be
married for 1 year rather than 3
Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act meant
that absent parents had to pay maintenance
People can afford too
Securitization: means that divorce is more acceptable
in some cultures
Demographic changes: People living longer so may
want a change. People have higher expectations.
Women's economic independence
Cohabitation
In 2005 24% under 60's doing so. Twice the proportion
recorded in 1986.
In 2007 2.2 million cohabitating without children.…read more

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Single Person Households
Increase
2005-1971 3 million ­ 7 million (National Statistics 2007)
Still most common in older people, especially older
women
Chandler ­ popular with 25-44 year old, especially men
Why?
Lifestyle choice: Freedom, changes in attitudes
(genderquake)
Womens employment: live alone while pursuing career
- Changing patterns mean that employees have to be
geographically mobile
- Increase of broken down families
Roseneil and Budgeon ­ Intimacy and care take place even
though people do not live together.…read more

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