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Stress Key Terms

Stress (1) An external stimulus which places a strain on the individual. (2) An internal
state of psychological and physiological change in response to a stressor. (3) A
transaction between the individual and their environment. This transaction
results in a stress response if the individual believes they…

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Hypothalamic-pituitary The route through which the brain directs the endocrine system to activate the
-adrenal axis (HPA) stress response.
Short-term stress A sudden burst of energy in response to a stressor. It dies down rapidly once
the stressor has passed.
Long-term stress Longer-lasting stress in response to a prolonged stressor…


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