Key terms with definations for the Edexcel Geography exam for the topic of GLOBALISATION.

some of the terms are not defined, excuse this!

hope it helps

Kimberly x

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  • Created on: 15-05-11 20:51
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Key term Definition
Means that the average age of the population is increasing, usually as a result
Ageing population of increasing life expectancy and a falling birth rate
Is a programme run by the United Nations related to sustainable
development. It is a plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally
Agenda 21 by organisations of the UN, governments and major groups in every area in
which humans impact on the environment
Any period of greatly increased birth rate during a certain period, and usually
within certain geographical bounds. Persons born during such a period are
Baby boom often called baby boomers.
Reservoirs of carbon dioxide. The main natural sinks are the oceans and plants
Carbon sink that use photosynthesis to remove carbon from the atmosphere
Centrally planned
A country where (nearly) all business and industry is controlled by the state
Reverse colonialism
Connections are how places and people are linked together, e.g. by trade, by
Connections, connected, transport and information links, and by political control. Disconnected in this
disconnected context means that some countries become less influential and less involved
in economic decision-making.
A model of development which tries to represent the emergence of an urban
system in four major stages. In between the affluent core and the deprived
Core and periphery periphery are two `transition' regions, one `upward' and the other
`downward'. In international terms, core areas include North America, Europe
and Japan.
Is the decline in manufacturing (secondary) industry, and the growth in tertiar
Deindustrialisation and quaternary industry
The gap between those with regular, effective access to digital and
Digital divide information technology, and those without it
A social or geophysical structure that is constantly changing
Dynamic system
Ecological footprint
People from a poor area who move to a richer area in search of a better life
Economic migrants
Cities which have grown up on the periphery or older cities, to which new
Edge city industries and services have moved, away from old CBD
Is a group of people living in a community which is isolated or separated from
Enclaves the rest of the population
Is part of a city in which the population is mainly from one ethic group, often
Ethnic enclave with its own religious beliefs and places of worship, together with shops and
community centres
Are zones in which businesses are free to import raw materials, process and
Export processing zones manufacture them and re-export without paying duties or tariffs ­ helping to
keep costs down

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An organisation social and economic movement with regard to trade
between developed and developing countries which promotes the payment
Fair trade of a fair price and higher social and environmental standards in areas related
to the production of a wide variety of goods
Fertility rate Is the average number of children born per woman
Western Europe, Japan, Australasia and North America. These were the first
First, third world areas to industrialise. Also known as the `developed world.…read more

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associated with IT software development, banks, and service companies (e.g.…read more



Thank you so much, this is so helpful!

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