KEY TERMS: GCSE AQA Religious Studies B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

all they key terms from the unit 2 of the AQA B religious studies specification

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Term Definition
abortion The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually before the foetus is
24 weeks old.
Abortion Act (1967) The first law making abortion legal in England, Scotland and Wales.
abuse Misuse of the world and the environment.
acid rain Rain made acid by contamination through pollution in the atmosphere as the result of
emissions from factories, vehicles, power-stations, etc.
adoption The legal process where a person (child) is taken (adopted) into the family as a son or
daughter.
ageism Prejudice against someone because of their age, leading to discrimination.
animal experiments Testing on animals, either for medical or cosmetic purposes, to ensure that the product
is safe for use by humans.
animal exports The selling of animals to other countries.
animal rights The belief that animals have a dignity just as humans do and should be given care and
protection.
Assisi Declarations Statements about the need to protect animals and the environment made on behalf of
the different major religions.
awe A feeling of respect; insight into meaning greater than oneself.
backbone Spinal column.
big bang Scientific theory that the universe began with an enormous explosion.
biodegradable Able to be broken down by bacteria in the environment.
biological weapons Weapons that have living organisms or infective material that can lead to disease or
death.
birth Passing down the birth canal and living outside the mother.
blessing The idea that God has favoured a couple with a child.
brigade A uniformed religious youth organisation for young people.
brotherhood People of the similar beliefs regard themselves like brothers.
bull fighting Associated in particular with Spain, matadors fight bulls (and eventually kill them) to
entertain the crowds.
Carbon emissions Release of greenhouse gases, such as carbon monoxide from vehicles, into the
atmosphere.
carbon footprint A measure of the impact of greenhouse gases on the environment, measured in units of
carbon dioxide (CO2).
chemical weapons Weapons that use chemicals to poison, burn, paralyse humans and the natural
environment.
chlorofluorocarbons Chemicals in refrigerators, aerosols and air conditioners that destroy the ozone layer.
(CFCs)
class Social group or caste, position in society.
climate change Changes to the climate, believed by some scientists to be irreparably damaging, that
have been caused by human lifestyles.
cloning The scientific method by which animals or plants can be created which have exactly the
same genetic make up as the original, because the DNA of the original is used.
colour Relating to the colour of a person's skin/ethnicity. Often used as a reason for unfairly
judging others and making uniformed opinions about them.
coming of age A young person's transition from adolescence to adulthood.
Copyright © 2008 AQA and its licensors. All rights reserved. 46924/SpecB/2

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Term Definition
commitment A pledge, promise or affirmation of agreement.
compassion A feeling of sympathy that makes one want to help.
conception The moment the sperm fertilises the egg.
confirmation A sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church.
conflict Fighting, a state of discord or war.
conscience The inner feeling that you are doing right or wrong.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Term Definition
fostering The taking of a child from a different family into a family home and bringing them up
with the rest of the new family.
freedom of choice Being able to choose to do whatever you want.
gender Another word for a person's sex, ie male, female.
generation gap A difference between the views of young people and their parents.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Term Definition
nuclear weapons Weapons that work by a nuclear reaction that devastate huge areas and kill large
numbers of people.
Ohito Declaration A statement of religious concern for the protection of the environment.
oil spills Leaking of oil into the environment, usually the sea.
origins of life How life began.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Term Definition
scapegoating Blaming certain groups for problems in society.
secular Not religious.
severe weather Extreme weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.
sexism Prejudice and discrimination based on a person's gender (usually a woman).
society A grouping of people in a country.
spirituality A sense of something which is outside normal human experience.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Buddhism
Term Definition
anatta No self, no soul; the Universal Truth that the soul is insubstantial; that people change
over their lives; denial of a real or permanent self.
anicca (anitya) Impermanence, instability, not permanent, etc.
Buddha 1. Historically the Buddha ­ the enlightened one.
2. An awakened or enlightened person.
dhamma (dharma) Universal law; ultimate truth; the teachings of Buddha.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Christianity
Term Definition
Bible Sacred book for Christians containing both the Old and New Testaments.
Confirmation The sacrament in which the faith of the believer is `confirmed' or strengthened by the
Holy Spirit. Those being confirmed personally confirm their acceptance of the promises
made by others at their baptism. Different dioceses celebrate confirmation at different
ages.
creator God is the creator of the earth and of life.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Hinduism
Term Definition
ahimsa (ahinsa) Not killing. Respect for life, not being violent.
atman (atma) Self. Can refer to the body, mind or soul depending on context. Usually the inner, or
real, self.
Bhagavad Gita The Song of the Lord, sung by Krishna and part of the Mahabharata. Considered an
Upanishad. Most famous and popular Hindu scripture.
Brahma Hindu deity responsible for creative power.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Islam
Term Definition
akhirah Everlasting life after death.
Allah The Islamic name for God.
Five Pillars of Islam Shahadah, Salah, Sawm, Zakah and Hajj.
Hadith Words and actions of the Prophet Muhammad. A major source of Islamic Law.
Iblis (Ibis) The tempter ­ also known as Shaytan.
Jahannam Muslim word for hell.
Khalifa(h) Stewardship.…read more

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Teacher Resource Bank
Explanation of terms
GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues
Judaism
Term Definition
Bar Mitzvah Celebration of a boy coming of age at 13. Literally "Son of the Commandment".
Bat Mitzvah Celebration of a girl coming of age at 12, in reform synagogues. Literally "Daughter of
Commandment".
the Covenant God's agreement to look after the Jews as his chosen people, subject to Israel's
obedience.
creator God is the creator of the earth and of life.…read more

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