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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Term Definition
abortion The deliberate termination (ending) of a pregnancy, usually before the foetus is
24 weeks old.
Abortion Act (1967) The first law making abortion legal in England, Scotland and Wales.
abuse…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Term Definition
commitment A pledge, promise or affirmation of agreement.
compassion A feeling of sympathy that makes one want to help.
conception The moment the sperm fertilises the egg.
confirmation A sacrament admitting…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Term Definition
fostering The taking of a child from a different family into a family home and bringing them up
with the rest of the new family.
freedom of choice Being able to…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Term Definition
nuclear weapons Weapons that work by a nuclear reaction that devastate huge areas and kill large
numbers of people.
Ohito Declaration A statement of religious concern for the protection of the…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Term Definition
scapegoating Blaming certain groups for problems in society.
secular Not religious.
severe weather Extreme weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, etc.
sexism Prejudice and discrimination based on a person's gender (usually…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Buddhism
Term Definition
anatta No self, no soul; the Universal Truth that the soul is insubstantial; that people change
over their lives; denial of a real or permanent self.
anicca (anitya) Impermanence, instability,…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Christianity
Term Definition
Bible Sacred book for Christians containing both the Old and New Testaments.
Confirmation The sacrament in which the faith of the believer is `confirmed' or strengthened by the
Holy Spirit.…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Hinduism
Term Definition
ahimsa (ahinsa) Not killing. Respect for life, not being violent.
atman (atma) Self. Can refer to the body, mind or soul depending on context. Usually the inner, or
real, self.…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Islam
Term Definition
akhirah Everlasting life after death.
Allah The Islamic name for God.
Five Pillars of Islam Shahadah, Salah, Sawm, Zakah and Hajj.
Hadith Words and actions of the Prophet Muhammad. A…

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Explanation of terms

GCSE Religious Studies Specification B Unit 2 Religion and Life Issues

Judaism
Term Definition
Bar Mitzvah Celebration of a boy coming of age at 13. Literally "Son of the Commandment".
Bat Mitzvah Celebration of a girl coming of age at 12, in reform synagogues.…

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