Key terms

phobia key terms

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  • Created on: 02-06-11 21:28
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Phobia Key Terms
Anxiety
Feelings of fears and apprehension which are accompanied by
increased & prolonged psychological arousal.
Anxiety Disorders
Classification of disorders characterised by severe anxiety.
Cognitive effects of anxiety
Thoughts that can vary from a mild fear to a severe panic.
Somatic effects of anxiety
Experiences in the body
Behavioural effects of anxiety
Avoidance behaviour
"Avoiding situations"
Phobia
A persistent or unreasonable fear of an object or situation.
Fear
A reasonable fear of an object or situation
Agoraphobia
Type of anxiety disorder that makes people afraid of public
places.
E.g. public transport
Social Phobia
Fear of being judged in public.
E.g. interview/speeches
Specific Phobia
Fear of specific objects or stimulus
i.e. flying or fur

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Approaches to Phobias:
key terms
Unconditioned Stimulus
The stimulus that produces the unconditioned response.
Conditioned Stimulus
The stimulus that produces the conditioned response.
Unconditioned response
A natural response to the unconditioned stimulus.
Conditioned response
A natural response to the unconditioned stimulus.
Classical Conditioning
A form of learning whereby a neutral stimulus + Unconditioned Stimulus = Unconditioned Response.
After several trails the Neutral Stimulus = Conditioned Stimulus and produces a conditioned
response.
Role Models
A person whose behaviour is imitated.…read more

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