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Stops: Sounds where the air flow is completely stopped. They are created in the throat, at the back
of the mouth (ck), at the alveolar ridge(t), or by the lips (p).
Phonological cohesion: Texts may be phonologically cohesive by using phonological devices to create
Hedge: A word or phrase used to pad out and soften what's being said ­ `sort of.…read more

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Phonetic rendition: When words are spelled as they sound.
Phoneme: The smallest unit of sound in a language.
Paralinguistics: The things that add to the meaning of a text that aren't actually language.
Homonym: A word that looks like another word, but is in fact different. It may sound the same, or be
pronounced differently.
Half-rhyme: Words that almost or nearly rhyme, or look like they should rhyme but don't.…read more

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Nominalisation: The process of turning an event or action normally expressed as a verb into a noun
the can then be used at the head word of a noun phrase. Often used in headlines and journalism as a
compressed form of syntax ­ `Mayor's outburst'.
Modality: The degree of certainty or doubt conveyed by a text.
Mean length of utterance (MLU): A calculation based on the average number of morphemes used
across a number of utterances.…read more


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