Key dates and figures for Tsardom to Communism Germany AQA GCSE

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  • Created by: Hannah H
  • Created on: 10-06-13 10:36
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1994 - Autocrat 150 million people
The Tsars Country 40% spoke russian as first
language
80% = peasants
5% of land farmed
1.5% aristocracy owned 25% land
coal + oil - quadruples
iron - trebled
Opponents Liberals + Cadets British monarchy
Social Revolutionaries murdered many Okhrana
killed 2 government officials
Social Democrats 1903 - Mensheviks & bolsheviks
followed Karl Mark
Moderate Opposition
WW1 August 1914
Army 1 million boots
1st 6 weeks - 250,000
(1905 - had crushed riots outside
winter palace) Tannenburg & Manchurian Lake
By 1915 - 3 million enemy prison
Aug 1915 - Tsar took Control
Workers 16 hour long days
1914 - 2 bags
1917 - one thirds flour
Winter of 1917 - -35
Peasants Aug 1916- 13% population dead
food taken by force

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Aristocracy 13 million peasants
4 PM in 12 months
Tsar Abdication - 15th March Putilov Steel Workers 7th - 40,000
1917
7th-10th - 250,000
industry came to standstill
DUMA set up (army refuse)
Provisional Government Failures June - new PM - Kerensky
offensive against germany &
Austria
Lenin returns
Sept 1917 Kornilov tries to overthrow PG
Problems soviet (coalition)
didnt deal with land
carried on with war
inherited economic situation
less censorship
Bolsheviks Benefits Trotsky - chairman of military
revolutionary committee
Lenin Returned
Largest Part…read more

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Bolshevik takeover Night 6th November Red guard control buildings
(Peter and Paul fortress)
Morning 7th November seized railways and power
stations
Evening 7th November Aurora - Kronstadt Naval Base -
fires blank shells @ winter
palace
By Oct bolshevik - 800,000 2 Bolsheviks killed
members 18 arrested
half army
sailors at Kronstadt Naval Base
main building in Petrograd &
Moscow
Council of the Peoples
Commissar
Constituent Assembly Jan 1918 370 seats - 175 seats
End of WW1 Dec 1917 - ceasefire
Trotsky hold up Germans…read more

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Bolsheviks vs Whites Bolshevik strengths White weaknesses
ruthless Trotsky spread out
large different aims
organized peasants didnt like them
disciplined couldnt coordinate campaigns
good communication
330,000 men
22,000 officers
terror
Cheka - arrest family
cant talk to whites - shot
cant help whites
war communism
couldnt sell surplus food
Creation of USSR announced - Dec 1922 areas taken under bolshevik
control and declared to be
existence - 1924 socialist republics
War Communism businesses nationalized orphans
checka remove opposition industrial output halved
peasants give surplus to…read more

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