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1994 - Autocrat 150 million people




The Tsars Country 40% spoke russian as first
language

80% = peasants

5% of land farmed

1.5% aristocracy owned 25% land

coal + oil - quadruples

iron - trebled




Opponents Liberals + Cadets British monarchy

Social Revolutionaries murdered many Okhrana
killed 2 government officials…

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Aristocracy 13 million peasants
4 PM in 12 months




Tsar Abdication - 15th March Putilov Steel Workers 7th - 40,000
1917

7th-10th - 250,000

industry came to standstill

DUMA set up (army refuse)




Provisional Government Failures June - new PM - Kerensky

offensive against germany &
Austria

Lenin returns

Sept…

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Bolshevik takeover Night 6th November Red guard control buildings
(Peter and Paul fortress)

Morning 7th November seized railways and power
stations

Evening 7th November Aurora - Kronstadt Naval Base -
fires blank shells @ winter
palace

By Oct bolshevik - 800,000 2 Bolsheviks killed
members 18 arrested

half army

sailors…

Page 4

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Bolsheviks vs Whites Bolshevik strengths White weaknesses
ruthless Trotsky spread out
large different aims
organized peasants didnt like them
disciplined couldnt coordinate campaigns
good communication
330,000 men
22,000 officers
terror
Cheka - arrest family
cant talk to whites - shot
cant help whites
war communism
couldnt sell surplus food




Creation…

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