Key dates and figures for Tsardom to Communism Germany AQA GCSE

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  • Created by: Hannah H
  • Created on: 10-06-13 10:36
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1994 - Autocrat 150 million people
The Tsars Country 40% spoke russian as first
80% = peasants
5% of land farmed
1.5% aristocracy owned 25% land
coal + oil - quadruples
iron - trebled
Opponents Liberals + Cadets British monarchy
Social Revolutionaries murdered many Okhrana
killed 2 government officials
Social Democrats 1903 - Mensheviks & bolsheviks
followed Karl Mark
Moderate Opposition
WW1 August 1914
Army 1 million boots
1st 6 weeks - 250,000
(1905 - had crushed riots outside
winter palace) Tannenburg & Manchurian Lake
By 1915 - 3 million enemy prison
Aug 1915 - Tsar took Control
Workers 16 hour long days
1914 - 2 bags
1917 - one thirds flour
Winter of 1917 - -35
Peasants Aug 1916- 13% population dead
food taken by force

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Aristocracy 13 million peasants
4 PM in 12 months
Tsar Abdication - 15th March Putilov Steel Workers 7th - 40,000
7th-10th - 250,000
industry came to standstill
DUMA set up (army refuse)
Provisional Government Failures June - new PM - Kerensky
offensive against germany &
Lenin returns
Sept 1917 Kornilov tries to overthrow PG
Problems soviet (coalition)
didnt deal with land
carried on with war
inherited economic situation
less censorship
Bolsheviks Benefits Trotsky - chairman of military
revolutionary committee
Lenin Returned
Largest Part…read more

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Bolshevik takeover Night 6th November Red guard control buildings
(Peter and Paul fortress)
Morning 7th November seized railways and power
Evening 7th November Aurora - Kronstadt Naval Base -
fires blank shells @ winter
By Oct bolshevik - 800,000 2 Bolsheviks killed
members 18 arrested
half army
sailors at Kronstadt Naval Base
main building in Petrograd &
Council of the Peoples
Constituent Assembly Jan 1918 370 seats - 175 seats
End of WW1 Dec 1917 - ceasefire
Trotsky hold up Germans…read more

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Bolsheviks vs Whites Bolshevik strengths White weaknesses
ruthless Trotsky spread out
large different aims
organized peasants didnt like them
disciplined couldnt coordinate campaigns
good communication
330,000 men
22,000 officers
Cheka - arrest family
cant talk to whites - shot
cant help whites
war communism
couldnt sell surplus food
Creation of USSR announced - Dec 1922 areas taken under bolshevik
control and declared to be
existence - 1924 socialist republics
War Communism businesses nationalized orphans
checka remove opposition industrial output halved
peasants give surplus to…read more


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