Key Approaches in Psychology

Everything about the key approaches to psychology- behavioural/biological/cognitive/psychodynamic

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  • Created on: 30-11-11 09:29
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Approach Key Theories/Researchers Reductionist/ Nature/ Nurture Freewill/ Mind/ Body Idiographic/
Holistic Deterministic Nomothetic
BIOLOGICAL BING- Brain REDUCTIONIST NATURE your DETERMINISTIC BODY NOMOTHETIC
Injury/Infection/Neurotransmitters/ Only considers body and You can't chose Can be
Genes one reason, does biology- nothing your genes or generalised
Physiology and Anatomical
not appreciate on the outside what happens to (meta-analysis
Central Nervous System/Peripheral
Nervous System other approaches influences you internally- or
Phineas Biological observations)
Gage/Herpes/Seretonin/Parents determinism
PSYCHODYNAMIC FREUD REDUCTIONIST INTERACTIONIS DETERMINISTIC MIND IDIOGRAPHIC
(Denial Oral/Anal/Phallic/Latency/Genital Does not consider T Everything is Conscious/Su For therapy
Repression Little Hanz other approaches Nurture determined by b (case studies-
Oedipus/Elektra
Regression (development of development conscious/Un Little Hanz,
Id/Ego/Superego
Projection Conscious/Subconscious/Unconscio child) conscious Anna O)
Sublimation us Nature (id, ego, NOMOTHETIC-
Reaction Formation Psychoanalysis Treatment- Free superego) For research
Displacement) association/Ink Blot Test/TAT test
BEHAVIOURIST Behaviour is learned REDUCTIONIST NURTURE DETERMINISTIC BODY NOMOTHETIC
Operant- reinforcement and Doesn't consider Outside Everyone around Behaviour is
punishment (Skinner) thinking of influences, you determines the way we
Classical- association (Pavlov)
individual or society, parents, your behaviour- act because
Social Learning Theory- imitation,
role models and observation biological peers, media and this behaviour of what we
structure school has been fixed have learned
Tabula Rasa
COGNITIVE Input-Processing-Output: Mind is like REDUCTIONIST INTERACTIONIS DETERMINISTIC BODY NOMOTHETIC
a computer Only considers T (soft Brain and
Abnormality is because of faulty thought People influence determinism) thinking
thinking
processes- this your thinking, but
Bowlby/Harlow
ABC Model can be everything we are born with
Beck's Triad a thought
CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) process

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