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Kenya is a country in east Africa. Kenya borders
Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, South Sudan, and
From 1888-1929 Kenya was part of the British East
Africa protectorate. Kenya gained independence
from Britain in 1963. When Kenya first gained
independence politics was dominated by the
charismatic Jamo Kenyatta. He was succeeded in
1978 by Daniel Arap Moi, who remained in power
for 24 years. The ruling party; Kenya African
National Union (Kanu) was the only legal party for
much of the 1980s. Violent unrest and international
pressure led to the restoration of multi-party
politics in the early 1990s but it was only in 2002
when Mwai Kibaki won in a landslide election that
the Kenya African National Party was ousted from
The 2007 presidential election led to unrest which resulted in the formation of a power-sharing
coalition government. However, the 2013 presidential elections were peaceful and led to the
victory of Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of the first president Jamo Kenyatta.
Kenya has tremendous topographical diversity including glacial mountains, the rift valley with its
volcanoes, ancient granite hills, flat desert landscapes and coral reefs. Kenya has 563km of
coastline. The big 5 animals of Africa can all be found in Kenya; the lion, leopard, the buffalo,
rhinoceros and elephant. The Indian Ocean coast's offers stunning beaches, a tropical climate and
the opportunity for scuba diving. These are all an attraction for tourists.
Nairobi is east Africa's biggest city, with around 3.375 million inhabitants. Mombasa has almost
1 million inhabitants with around 966,000 citizens.
Major exports include; tea, coffee, horticultural products (roses
and other flowers) and petroleum products.
Natural resources of Kenya include; limestone, soda ash (sodium
carbonate/ washing soap), salt, gemstones, fluorspar (fluorite),
zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife & hydropower.
9.48% of land is arable land
Environmental issues include; water pollution from urban &
industrial sources, degradation of water quality from increased
use of pesticides and fertilisers, deforestation, soil erosion,
desertification and poaching.
Natural hazards include; recurring drought and flooding. These
could get worse due to climate change.
With 42.7 million citizens, Kenya has the 31st highest population
in the world.
With a population growth rate of 2.11% in 2014, Kenya has the
47th biggest growing population in the world.

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With 28.27 births per 1000 of the population, Kenya has the 45th highest birth rate in the
In 2011 heath expenditure made up 4.5% of GDP. There are 0.18 doctors per 1,000 of the
population and 1.4 hospital beds per 1000 of the population.
82.7% of the urban population have access to improved water supply. 54% of the rural
population have access to improved water supply.
6.1% of adults suffered from HIV/AIDS in 2012, the 12th worst in the world. Approximately
1.…read more

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Death rate (2014) 7 deaths per population
Net migration rate (2014) 0.22 migrants per 1000 of the population
Maternal mortality rate (1990) 380 deaths per 100,000 live births
(2008) 530 deaths per 100,000 live births
(2010) 360 deaths per 100,000 live births
Infant mortality rate (2014) 40.71 deaths of children under one per
1000 live births
Under 5 mortality rate (1990) 99 deaths per 1,000 live births
(2009) 84 deaths per 1,000 live births
Total fertility rate (2014) 3.…read more

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Top imports are manufacturing and transportation equipment, petroleum products, motor vehicles,
iron and steel, resins and plastic. Imports were worth $15.86 billion in 2013, $15.1 billion in 2011.
Import partners were India (20.9%), China (15.4%), the UAE (9.8%) and Saudi Arabia (6.9%).
Industry in Kenya includes the manufacturing of small scale consumer goods such as; plastic,
furniture, batteries, clothing, and soap, cigarettes, milling flour, agricultural products,
horticulture, oil refining, aluminium, steel, lead, cement and commercial ship repair.…read more

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Kenya has plans to build a nuclear power plant by 2017.
The Kenyan government announced in January 2014 that it plans to generate over half of its
electricity for solar power. It has identified 9 sites to build solar plants to be constructed by
2016. Construction is expected to cost $73 million. It will be a partnership between the government
and private companies, both paying 50%. The Kenyan government predicts that solar power could
reduce electricity costs by 80%.…read more

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Somali refugees, 32,317 south Sudanese refugees, 30,251 Ethiopian refugees, 14,490 Congolese
refugees, 7,961 north Sudanese refugees and 5,457 refugees from Burundi living in Kenya.
The ongoing crisis in Somalia combined with severe drought in 2011 created a refugee crisis when
up to 400,000 Somalis moved across the border into northern Kenya.
The largest refugee camp is in Dadaab in North Eastern Kenya, which is south west of Somalia.…read more

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Population pyramid
Corruption…read more


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