Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Kant

The Good Will and Duty

In the search for intrinsic `good', Kant did not believe that any outcome was inherently good.
Pleasure or happiness could result out of the most evil acts. He also did not believe in `good'
character traits, as ingenuity, intelligence, courage etc. could all be…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
I ought never to act except in such a way that I can also will that my maxim should become a
universal law.

The Categorical Imperative ­ Law of Nature

Kant also states the categorical imperative as follows:

Act as if the maxim of your action were to become by…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
All deontological (duty or rule-based) systems will have problems when two rules come into conflict.
It is possible to have a third rule (Always tell the truth unless doing so endangers someone's life), but
this complicates the theory, resulting in rules with lots of clauses and sub-clauses (a little like…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Strengths Weaknesses


Not consequentialist ­ Kant easily shows the fatal flaw Consequences ­ There are some occasions when
of Utilitarianism ­ a bad act can have good consequences are so severe that many think it is better
consequences. Kant's theory doesn't make this mistake. to break a rule than allow…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Youk wanted to die. What was important was the act
itself.


Objective ­ Kant's theory gives objective standards, Difficulty forming maxims ­ SS ask if you have Jews
independent of our own interests, cultural bias etc. hiding in your attack. Which maxim are you
universalising? "Do not tell lies" or…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Start with a maxim - Jenny, whose life is threatened by her pregnancy and wants an
abortion, should abort.

Make it universal - All women whose life is threatened by their pregnancy and want an
abortion should abort.

Is it self-contradictory? - No, it's not self-contradictory

Is it a contradiction…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
act as a donor and save their existing child's life. Doing this naturally left them little chance of getting
a match. However, using IVF they could select an embryo (through Pre-implantation Genetic
Diagnosis) that would be able to act as a donor.

The Hashmis were allowed to do this. Their…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »