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Slide 1

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Kant ­ Categorical and
Hypothetical Imperatives…read more

Slide 2

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The Good Will
The only thing of absolute
value is:
· Intrinsically good
· Good without qualification
· Happiness is neither
"Nothing in the world can possibly be
conceived which could be called good
without qualification except a good will"
What does this quote mean?…read more

Slide 3

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Kant's Morality
· Morals have an absolute value
- absolutist, realist, objectivist
· They're not `out there'
· Morality is inside of us,
we all have a sense of
moral duty
· Wants a universal
moral law Do you like this
idea or not?…read more

Slide 4

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God, Immortality and Free Will
· The idea of God is necessary for morality to
be intelligible
· God is the guarantee that if you do the right
thing you will yield the right results
· There must be life after death ­ you might
not see the results of your good actions in
this life
· If all our actions are pre-determined
then morality doesn't apply to us…read more

Slide 5

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Hypothetical Imperatives - Categorical Imperatives
· "If..,then you · "You should..."
· Factual relation · An obligation
between a goal and
how to achieve it
· Kant "You should not
· Utilitarian "If you want murder"
maximum happiness
you should not
-morality has nothing to do with
murder" inclinations, personal gains
or individual circumstances…read more

Slide 6

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The Categorical Imperative
· Categorical because it is unconditional
· Imperative because it is a command
Categorical Imperative = Unconditional Command
*Because we possess rational wills
*Without considering the personal
· Where in religion do you see
`categorical imperatives'?…read more

Slide 7

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