Kant

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  • Created on: 07-05-13 14:00
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Kant
WHAT IS KANT'S THEORY OF ETHICS
Deontological
Right and wrong is objective; we should do what is right not because it fulfils any desires
We can distinguish between right and wrong through reason
Innate; a priori (something which is knowable without experience)
Freedom
Humans are free autonomous beings capable of making moral judgments
Good will
Abilities, talents and desirable characteristics count for nothing
Only the will can be unconditionally good
Hume: morality is based on making people happy and fulfilling their desires
Duty
Duty is what makes good will good
One should do their duty because it is the right thing to do not because it fulfils any human
desires
`We are not moral for the sake of love but for duty's sake only'
CATEGORICAL IMPERETIVES
A command to perform actions which are absolute moral obligations
Formula of Law of Nature
Universalisability; one must be able to universalise ones maxims without contradiction
Whatever you deem right for yourself you must be willing to let everyone do the same thing
Everyone free and rational if rules not universal then not everyone is equal
Formula of End in Itself
Do not exploit others for personal gain
Value everyone equally
Not superior; denies another person their right to be the independent judge of their own
actions
Formula of Kingdom of Ends
A world in which people do not treat each other as means but as ends

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Strengths Weaknesses
Alasdair Macintyre; you can distort
Straight forward based on reason universalisability to make it justify
anything
Categorical imperative; rules that Some would argues the result of an
apply to everyone and command us to action is more important than the act
respect human life itself
Everyone equal as opposed to Conflict between duties
utilitarian where the minority suffer
In accordance Declaration of Human
Rights
THEORY OF W.D.…read more

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