my own notes when I did the GCSE last year... hope you find it useful

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  • Created on: 04-06-11 13:26
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Unit 10: Peace and Justice
Human Rights
1948 ­ The United Nations produced the `Universal Declaration of Human Rights' (1st article)
`All people are born free and equal'
Everyone has rights and responsibilities.
Each country should ensure the citizens have and respect human rights:
Humans have a right:
1. Not to be discriminated on the ground of race, colour, gender, religion, or language
2. Welfare ­ includes health and medical care, clothing, food, housing (Remember: )
3. To receive education
4. Not to be arrested arbitrarily for no good, legal reason
5. To be treated equally in law
6. To life, liberty and security of a person
7. To be protected from torture and degradation
These rights agree extremely closely with biblical teachings
"God made man in His own image." Genesis 1:27
God gave mankind dignity and rights
God has `no respect of persons' God takes no account of a person's status. He treats
people equally. Christians are expected to do the same. In other words, they must
accept that all people have equal human rights.
Justice ­ the quality of fairness, people get what they deserve. (E.g. Criminal being punished)
Treatment of Criminals
Crime: when state laws are broken
Sin: when religious law/God's teaching are destroyed
Not every crime is a sin, if crime is committed out of love, crime is not a sin as Christian principle
emphasises agape. Christians have to judge which is right.
Crime and Punishment
Christian teachings on justice:
1. Justice is needed to treat all people as equals and work for equal rights
2. It is important to help the poor and aim to share out the world's resources
3. It is our duty to take care of those who are suffering/treated badly
Reasons Christians believe this:
1. God is a God of Justice
2. Jesus said the rich should share with the poor
3. The Bible says that people should be treated fairly
4. Churches have expressed the need for Christians to work for justice
Christian teachings on forgiveness:
1. Forgiveness is a central Christian teaching as it is the belief that everyone deserves a second
2. You can only get to heaven if your sins have been forgiven.
3. God is the only one with the right to judge (at the end of the world). Christians do not believe you

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should just let people off!
4. However, punishment is important, but the aim should be to reform the criminal.
5. Jesus taught
Blessed are the peacemakers
Turn the other cheek
Forgive 70 x 7 times
In the Gospel of John, a woman was about to be stoned to death after she was caught
committing adultery but Jesus said to people, "If any one of you is without sin, let him be
the first to throw a stone at her." John 8:7.…read more

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3. Forgive 70 x 7 times
4. In the Gospel of John, a woman was about to be stoned to death after she was caught
committing adultery but Jesus said to people, "If any one of you is without sin, let him be
the first to throw a stone at her." John 8:7. One by one, everyone went away as they knew
that they had done wrong themselves and were not in a position to condemn others.…read more

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8. In 77% of the cases, the victim knew the murderer
9. Who is going to carry out the execution?
Social Injustice
1. Refers to occasions when people are given fewer rights than others (E.g. Racism and inequality ­
poverty, homelessness, lack of education)
2. Christians believe injustice = wrong
"Blessed are those who maintain justice, who constantly do what is right." Psalms 106
3. All were created "in the image of God." All people are equally valuable to God should be
treated equally.…read more

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1. Join charity/human rights organisations
E.g. Amnesty International ­ organisation with Christians helping unjustly imprisoned people, visit
local prisons regularly, join the Howard League for Penal Reform which tries to improve conditions
for prisoners in the UK
E.g. MENCAP ­ work for equal rights for the disabled to find employment/appropriate housing
believing everyone has equal value
E.g. Liberation Theology ­ a Christian movement which tries to put beliefs about justice into action.…read more


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