Just War Theory Criteria: AS OCR Religious Studies

An OCR AS Ethics (religious studies) booklet that includes just war criteria (Jus ad bellum, Jus in bello, Just post bellum) in detail, its origins with the strengths and weaknesses. This is mostly from the main OCR textbook students are given, but some is my input as well. Doesn't include realism or pacifism. Enjoy :)

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The Just War Theory
Origins:

Aristotle and Cicero wrote that a war in self defence was just.
The first development of the theory came from Ambrose of Milan and his student
Augustine of Hippo. Both stipulated that war must only be waged by a legitimate authority,
should be intended to…

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5. Proportionality
An example of disproportionate measures would be if a nation to start a war
because a few drunken soldiers went over the border, or over fishing rights.
It is proportional when a strong nation fights another strong nation.
Likelihood of success and proportionality both attempt to measure the…

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victims (non-combatants).However, without looking at other issues; the principle of
discrimination will conclude that terrorism is unjustified.
3. Obey all international laws on weapons:
There have been various attempts in the past to rule out certain weapons, such as
crossbows and gas. In 1139 the Lateran Council banned crossbows, bows…

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4. Punishment:
Leaders who engaged in massive human rights violations should face international
war crimes tribunals.
Soldier should also be held accountable for their actions and face investigation.
5. Compensation:
Financial restitution may be necessary so that the defeated country can repair itself
after the war.
This could include infrastructure;…

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