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What is judicial review?
· This is the process where judges review the
actions of public officials or public bodies to
decide whether or not they have acted in a way
that is lawful or beyond their powers (ultra vires).
· The process can require senior judges to clarify
the legal meaning of a particular law.
· Judicial review can also involve reviewing appeal
cases heard previously at lower courts.…read more

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Leave of Judicial Review
· Leave for judicial review = permission for
judicial review to take place.
· This is obtained from the High Court and is
needed for every application.
· Leave is usually decided by a single judge
without a hearing.
· Appeals against a decision can be made to
the Court of appeal and from there to the
House of Lords…read more

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Conditions that have to be met for
leave
· The application must be made quickly and
within 3 months from the date when the
grievance happened.
· The applicant has to have have enough
interest in a matter which the application
relates to. This is known as the
requirement of standing.
· The application must be concerned with a
public law matter.…read more

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Grounds for judicial review
· Illegality
- The decision made is illegal
· Irrationality
- The decision is unreasonable
· Procedural impropriety
- When making the decision, procedures set out by law have
not been followed.…read more

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Remedies for Judicial Review
· Quashing order
· Prohibiting order
· Mandatory order
· Declaration
· Injunction
· Awarding damages…read more

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