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Judicial Hierarchy

Type of Type of Judge Role
Court
House of Lords of Appeal in Hears appeals to the
Lords Ordinary (the Law House of Lords and
(see notes on Lords) they also sit in the
supreme Privy Council
Court)
Court of Civil Division and Civil Division Presided
Appeal Criminal…

Page 2

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Crown Court o High Court Judges Hear the more
o Circuit Judges serious criminal
o Recorders cases which are tried
before a judge and
jury.
County Court o Circuit Judges Civil and family
o Recorders cases.
o District Judges
o Deputy District
Judges
Magistrates' o District Judge Hear the less…

Page 3

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Lord Justice of Are appointed by the Monarch on the advice
Appeal of the Prime Minister, who receives advice
from the Lord Chancellor, who normally
consults senior members of the judiciary.
They must have ten year "High Court
Qualification" or be judges of the High Court,
which is the normal…

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30 days per year, of which at least ten days
should be in one continuous period. The Lord
Chancellor does not normally appoint anyone
below the age of 35.
District Judges District Judges are appointed by the Lord
Chancellor and sit fulltime in the county
courts or district registries of…

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Judicial Selection:

Judicial Selection: Lord Chancellor selected prior to 2006
(supervised by Commission for Judicial Appointments). However as a
result of criticism, in 1994 junior posts were advertised and
interviewed for the first time, with a panel of three making a
"recommendation" to the Lord Chancellor. Applicants were also
required…

Page 6

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o That all vacancies are advertised and with job descriptions and
person specifications.
o That the Lord Chancellors Department publish the key
determinants affecting an applicant's chances of success.
o Detailed feedback based on the selection criteria should be
offered to all unsuccessful candidates.
o That the requirement for the…

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Judicial Composition

(Source: Labour Research Surveys)

Proportion of judges who went to Oxbridge universities:

ALL THOSE
APPOINTED
SINCE 1997'
House of Lords 92% 100%

Court of Appeal 91% 95%

High Court 82% 81%
(Queens Bench)
(Chancery) 94% 100%

(Family) 57% 20%

Circuit 53% 46%

ALL 60% 60%



Research found that…

Page 8

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The Social Background of Judges

Senior judges are drawn from the ranks of barristers. Traditionally,
those training to become barristers have required a private income to
survive the first few years of practice. Becoming a barrister is an
expensive process. As a result, large sections of the population are
excluded.…

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As Lord Lester pointed out "it says in the Bible that no man should
serve two masters. The Lord Chancellor serves two if not three and
cannot go on wearing all those different hats."












Additional Criticisms over the Appointment of the
Judicary

i) Selection dominated by politicians and too secretive.…

Page 10

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The Department of Constructional Affairs published a consultation
document outlining proposals for change. The consultation paper
sought views on the form/ and role that the new Judicial
Appointments Commission could take. There were 3 broad models
proposed:

1) An appointing commission which would make the appointment
that the Lord Chancellor…

Comments

Smith E

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Very detailed. From this, you could compile revision notes. The judicial composition section is an unusual element, good though. 

Vicky Hendry - Team GR

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Great revision source, thank you!

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