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A curriculum vitae (CV) provides a summary of one's experience and skills.
Typically longer than resumes (at least two or three pages), CVs are used
almost exclusively in countries outside of the United States.
Within the United States, people in academia and medicine tend to use CVs
rather than resumes. CVs include information on one's academic background,
including teaching experience, degrees, research, awards, publications,
presentations, and other achievements.
This is a document that the applicant designs providing the details such as:
Personal details Name, address, date of birth, nationality
Educational history Including examination results, schools/universities attended,
Previous employment Names of employers, position held, main achievements,
history remuneration package, reasons for leaving
Suitability and reasons A chance for applicants to `sell themselves'
for applying for the job
Names of referees Often recent employer or people who know applicant well and are
Sometimes job applicants are asked to fill in a firm's own application form.
This is different from a CV in that the employer designs it and sends it to
applicants, but it will still ask for much of the same information. It has the
benefit over a CV in that a business is able to tailor it to their exact needs and
ask specific questions.
Once a business has received all the applications, they need to be analysed and
the most appropriate form of selection decided upon. When analysing
applications, a business will normally split the applications into three
Those to reject Candidates may be rejected because they may not meet the
standards set out in the job specification such as wrong
qualifications or insufficient experience or they may not have
completed the application form to a satisfactory standard
Those to place on a Often comprises 3-10 of the best candidates who are asked to
short list interview
Those to place on a A business will not normally reject all other candidates immediately
long list but keep some on a long list in case those on the short list drop out
or do not appear suitable during interview. The business would not
want to incur costs putting them through the selection process, such
as interviews, unless they have to