Italy - Impact of WW1 - Rise of Fascism

HideShow resource information
Preview of Italy - Impact of WW1 - Rise of Fascism

First 121 words of the document:

D'Annunzio's Fiume
Seized in September 1919
Successful?
Commander of local troops refused to stop soldiers
`Liberators'
Held for a year
Popular
D'Annunzio ­ `Regent'
Republic
Rallies & ceremonies
Newspaper
Nitti
Weak
no army no popularity
Gellotilli - 1920
Firm
Treaty of Rapallo ­ November 1920
1. Italian speakers choice to live in Dalmatia
2. Flume independent city
= D'Annunzio refused
= Italy declared war
Lasted 4 days
Significance of Fiume
Showed dissatisfaction with St Germaine
Government weak + no loyal army
Direct action better then liberal compromise and negotiation
New politics ­ `roman salute', chants, castor oil
o Mussolini influenced

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Fascism popularity ­ early rise
Significance of `mutilated victory'
Traditional party politics failed
Nationalist movement ­ successfully
e.g.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

New strategy
Renounced Pact of Pacification ­ November 1921
All armed organisations banned ­ Prime Minister Bonisimo
o Except fascists
Popularity
Squadristi separate
PNF growth
May 1921
80,476
371 fasci
December 1921
218,000
133 fasci
More popular + Mussolini more control over squadristi
New programme
Lower taxes for business and farmers
= elite support
Compulsory military service
Power x terror
Locals forcibly ejecting authorities ­ 1922
o Dominating local government
o Levying unofficial taxes
o Syndicates control job markets
= left-wing protests
Mussolini ­ propaganda…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Appeal
Ideology varied
= Attracted different groups
Fascist tiny group at first
Demobilised soldiers and young middle class
Italy great power
Existing new movement for young
Rural
Sharecroppers
Small farmers
Farm managers
Scared of wealthy farmers
& Socialist collectivism + higher wage rates
= Funded + took part
Urban
Towns ­ lower middle class
Blamed gov
o High inflation
o Unemployment growth of socialism
Teachers, workers, shopkeepers, Small business owners
Most young ­ liked radical elements
o 10% students
o 25% too young to vote…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »