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Pre-Islamic Arabia
Religious Background

Bedouin Polytheism ­ Key religion at the time, believed in 365 gods, Allah was the chief god.
Animism - Believed in Jinn, spirits of the desert.
Christianity ­ Different dominations of Christianity included Orthodox (Jesus was man + God),
Nestorian (Jesus was man) and Monophysites (Jesus…

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Muhammad
570 ­ Born in Mecca, father died before birth.
575 ­ Became an orphan after mother died.
578 ­ Taken care of by his uncle, Abu Talib, leader of a tribe. Travelled with his uncle during
his teens.
582 ­ First visit to Syria.
595 ­ Second visit as…

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the city, and it was renamed Medina (city of the Prophet). As Watton says "This marked the
beginning of Islam."

The Night Journey ­ 621

Around a year before the Hijra, Muhammad experienced a physical and spiritual journey from
the Ka'ba in Mecca to the Masjid-al-Aqsa in Jerusalem. Here, Muhammad…

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Tawhid is the oneness of God. It contains all other teachings of God within it. In Islam it is emphasised
prophets and angels should not be considered Godly. The word `Allah' simply means God in Arabic,
however it cannot be pluralised.

"Allah ­ there is no God but He." Sura…

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God will be merciful under certain conditions "That mercy I shall ordain for those who do
right, and practice charity." Sura 7

Ninety-Nine Names of God

"To Him belong the most beautiful names" Sura 59
Al-Bari (the maker), Al-Hadi (the guide), Al-Malik (the king).
The 99 names of God sum…

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"I am God, there is no other god but Me, you shall worship Me and observe the Salat to
commemorate Me." Sura 20
"Set up regular prayers." Sura 4
"Bow down your heads." Sura 2
"Salah is the pillar of the Islamic religion." Hadith
"5 Prayers remove Sins as water…

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Tawaf ­ Pilgrims circle the Ka'ba another seven times in an anti-clockwise direction. This is the
final step of the Pilgrimage.
One who has completed the Hajj is known as a Hajji (man) or Hajja (woman).
The Hajj puts Muslims in the place of the great Prophets of God.
"Hajj…

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He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
He is the Master of the Day of Judgement.
It is You we worship, it is You we ask for help.
Guide us in the straight path.
The path of those You have blessed,
as opposed to those who incur wrath and…

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Madani Sura's (Medina) tend to be longer, and discuss how Muslims should live their lives.
Qur'an comes from Arabic Word "Quara" which means to read.
"The best of you is he who learns the Qur'an and teaches it." Hadith.
"The Qur'an embodies the word of Allah." Mawdudi.
"We have made…

Comments

getmotivated

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very concise notes. Would be very useful for students to build on.

uzzzyk

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salam bro

uzzzyk

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wat u sayin

uzzzyk

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g

WM99

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salaam bro you ok

JohnnyHillfiger

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there are a few mistakes within this do care when going through

JohnnyHillfiger

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and good luck on the exam tomorrow you plebs

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