International Relations - The Cold War Era 1943-1991

This resource provides a brief summary of what happened in each year throughout the Cold War period. The bits highlighted in red are what th event led onto or key points which are often used in exam questions. The slides of the PowerPoint can also be printed out as flashcards. Please rate my resource and gie me commments below...

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  • Created by: mbeales
  • Created on: 02-06-15 15:47
Preview of International Relations - The Cold War Era 1943-1991

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1943
·NOVEMBER ­ TEHERAN CONFERENCE - THE "BIG THREE"- WINSTON CHURCHILL,
ROOSEVELT AND STALIN MET AND THEY PLANNED THE INVASION OF WESTERN EUROPE AND AGREED TO
MOVING POLAND'S BORDERS ONCE GERMANY HAD BEEN DEFEATED, ALSO AGREED D-DAY. STILL
UNDECIDED ON GERMANY'S FUTURE. MAIN RESULT ­ RELIEVED PRESSURE ON USSR.
·ALLIED INVASION OF ITALY (BRITISH AND AMERICAN) ­ A RESULT OF THE ABOVE…read more

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1945
·FEBRUARY ­ YALTA CONFERENCE - GERMANY WAS GOING TO BE SPLIT INTO FOUR ZONES AND WOULD
PAY REPARATIONS, A GOVERNMENT OF "NATIONAL UNITY" WAS TO BE SET UP IN POLAND FOR BOTH COMMUNISTS
AND NON-COMMUNISTS, FREE ELECTIONS FOR NEW GOVERNMENTS WOULD BE HELD IN COUNTRIES PREVIOUSLY
OCCUPIED IN EASTERN EUROPE. THIS PART OF THE AGREEMENT WAS CALLED "DECLARATION OF LIBERATED EUROPE"
ALSO RUSSIA TO JOIN THE WAR AGAINST JAPAN ONCE GERMANY WAS DEFEATED. POLAND'S BOUNDARIES/BORDERS
ALSO ALTERED. USSR UK USA
SPREAD COMMUNISM RESTRICT COMMUNISM ISOLATION AND
CONTAINMENT
*SECURITY KEEP THEIR EMPIRE AND KEEP NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
ACCESS TO IT TO THEMSELVES
WANT REPARATIONS
Assisted development of cold war (-ve) splitting Europe East and West also conciliation of USSR (accepted the extension of soviet influence) (+ve)…read more

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1945
·APRIL ­ BERLIN FALLS TO THE RUSSIANS
·MAY ­ HITLER IS DEFEATED AND GERMANY SURRENDERS, VE DAY ­ NO LONGER
ANY NEED TO MAINTAIN UNITY AGAINST HITLER
·JULY ­ AMERICA HAS THE ATOMIC BOMB AND CHURCHILL LOSES GENERAL
ELECTION…read more

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1945
·JULY-AUGUST ­ POTSDAM CONFERENCE - BETWEEN ATTLEE, TRUMAN AND STALIN , TO
DISCUSS THE OUTCOME OF WW2. THE NEW BOUNDARIES OF POLAND WERE AGREED AND THEY DECIDED
TO DIVIDE GERMANY AND BERLIN BETWEEN THEM ALSO ALARMED BECAUSE COMMUNISTS WERE
COMING TO POWER. LED TO : TRIZONIA (1948) AND BERLIN AIRLIFT (1948-9)
·AUGUST ­ BOMB DROPPED ON HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI - TRUMAN DROPPED AN
ATOMIC BOMB ON JAPAN, SO THAT THE JAPANESE WOULD SURRENDER BEFORE THE RUSSIAN TROOPS COULD
REACH JAPAN.…read more

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1946
·MARCH ­ IRON CURTAIN SPEECH BY CHURCHILL- AN IDEOLOGICAL DIVISION,
BETWEEN THOSE COUNTRIES THAT WERE UNDER SOVIET COMMUNIST CONTROL AND CAPITALIST
WESTERN COUNTRIES AS WELL AS PHYSICAL DIVISION ­ ALLOWED RUSSIA TO HAVE SECURITY AS
COULD NOT BE ATTACKED DIRECTLY, NO LONGER ALLIES (ADDRESSED AT TRUMAN). LED TO: INCREASED
TENSION , COMINFORM AND TRUMAN DOCTRINE (LISTENED TO SPEECH)
·GREEK CIVIL WAR ­ ROYALISTS/MONARCHISTS VS. COMMUNISTS, AGREED THAT THE UK
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE INCLUDED GREECE, RESULT = CIVIL WAR AND THEN TRUMAN DOCTRINE, UK
WITHDREW TO LEAVE US TO GO COMMUNIST…read more

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