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Internal Migration Case Study ­ Urbanisation in China

In 1990, around 26% of people in China's population lived in urban areas.
By 2006, this figure had increased to 44% (over 550 million people).

This was caused by push and pull factors:

Push:
Fewer jobs ­ Mechanisation in rural areas has…

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Impacts of urbanisation on Rural Areas
Positive About 130 million people who emigrated from rural areas send
money home. This increases their income and helps to avoid poverty.
Negative ­ The young people emigrate, leaving an ageing population behind.

Urbanisation is being managed in China:
Urban ­ In 2001, China…

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Urbanisation in china is being caused by the .................. migration of
people from ................ areas to ................. areas.
(............................) migration.

Rural Urban Internal RuralUrban

In .............. around ......% of the population lived in urban areas, but by
......... this figure changed to ......% (over ....................... people).

44 2006 550 1990…

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Describe two pull factors that encouraged people to make the move.
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Discuss the impacts of Urbanisation in a named country.
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Urbanisation is being managed in China:

Urban ­ In ............, China changed it's .......................... system to
cope with the increased .............. and pollution in urban areas. This
improved both water ................... and supply

2001 water supply sewage Water quality

Rural ­ In ..........., a pilot ............... scheme was…

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