Internal Migration Case Study – Urbanisation in China

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Internal Migration Case Study ­ Urbanisation in China
In 1990, around 26% of people in China's population lived in urban areas.
By 2006, this figure had increased to 44% (over 550 million people).
This was caused by push and pull factors:
Push:
Fewer jobs ­ Mechanisation in rural areas has resulted in high levels of
unemployment in urban areas.
Lower wages and higher poverty ­ Wages are lower in rural areas leading to
higher levels of poverty. E.g. in 2004, there was 26.1 million people in rural
areas in poverty
Shortage of services ­ Services like education and healthcare are funded by
taxes collected locally. This means poor rural areas don't have the money to
improve their services
Pull:
More Jobs ­ Many Industries in urban areas
Higher wages and lower poverty ­ Average income is three times higher
Better Services such as education and healthcare ­ Lack of funding in rural
areas meant that in 2002, 1.1 million children could couldn't go to primary
school.
Impacts of Urbanisation on Urban areas:
Positive More workers and an increase in demand for services ease trade
and industry. This is good for the economy.
Negative ­ The increasing population causes more pollution and demand for
services. Over 270 Cities have no water treatment plants so water is dumped
straight into rivers.

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Urbanisation in china is being caused by the .................. migration of
people from ................ areas to ................. areas.
(............................) migration.
Rural Urban Internal RuralUrban
In .............. around ......% of the population lived in urban areas, but by
......... this figure changed to ......% (over ....................... people).
44 2006 550 1990 26
Describe two push factors that encouraged people to make the
move.
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Describe two pull factors that encouraged people to make the move.
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Discuss the impacts of Urbanisation in a named country.
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Urbanisation is being managed in China:
Urban ­ In ............, China changed it's .......................... system to
cope with the increased .............. and pollution in urban areas. This
improved both water ................... and supply
2001 water supply sewage Water quality
Rural ­ In ..........., a pilot ............... scheme was set up to give retired
farmers a pension every ............... This will help to raise ..................
and reduce ................. in rural areas.…read more

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