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Internal factors and ethnic differences in
achievement
To label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to them.

Gillborn and Youdell mean by racialised expectations that people have different
expectations on different ethnic backgrounds and in a racial way. Teachers expected
black pupils to present more discipline problems and…

Page 2

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racism because it is an example of racial bias being built into the everyday workings of
school and colleges.

Hatcher found they gave low priority to race issues and failed to deal with pupils racist
behaviour.

This shows that institutional racism may create an environment in which ethnic minority
pupils…

Page 3

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Connolly shows how pupils and teachers construct masculinity differently depending on
a Childs ethnicity. Though he found that teachers saw black boys as under achievers
and controlled them by punishing them more. The boys in return respond by seeking
status in non academic ways.

Both teachers and pupils saw Asian…

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