Intensive Vs. Organic Farming Essay

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Lauren Carry
Intensive vs. Organic
Over the years there has been an ongoing debate over intensive and
organic farming. There are many strong arguments presented on for
both methods. Organic farming involves no use of chemical fertilizers
and pesticides. It was introduced by Sir Albert Howard, who wanted
a more "ecofriendly" method of agriculture. Organic farming relies
on methods such as croprotation and the use of compost. Green
manure, biological pest control methods and special cultivation
techniques are used to maintain soil productivity. Organic farming is
much more economical than most farming techniques. It has a wide
range of benefits, including reduced soil erosion, and requires the use
of less water. This results in this method of farming being more
profitable. As well as being more economical, organic farming
reduces nutrient contamination. This is because it stays away from
artificial pesticides. This therefore leads to increased biodiversity
and reduced carbonemissions, which contributes towards benefiting
the environment. As well as bringing down the expenditure on
fertilizers and energy, organic farming gives the same crop variants
as other methods of farming. Organic farming also helps the farmers
clear the weeds without using chemical or mechanical methods.
Instead, more traditional methods such as hand weeding and the use
of garlic and other organic products are used to not only to get rid
of insects and weeds, but to give better crop quality. Farming in the
organic way is very environmentfriendly and nontoxic. This is
because it uses green pesticides like neem, composed tea and
spinosad. These pesticides boost the crop defence systems, by
identifying and removing diseased and dying plants. Organic farming
is beneficial not only because it reduces costs, but also because it is
extremely environmentally friendly.
Organic farming may be advantageous, but it also has its problems.
A study by the UN Environmental program in 2008 showed that
organic farming gives small yields when compared with other farming
methods. It is also argued that world ecosystems are being
destroyed by the expanding cropland at an alarming rate, and
although organic farming reduces CO2 emissions to a certain extent,
it doesn't really have a huge contribution to addressing the issue of
global climate change. Also, in 1998, Denis Avery of the Hudson
Institute made public the increased risk of E. coli infection by the
consumption of organic food. Organic farming may have its uses, but
it seems that its disadvantages cast a large shadow over the
In contrast to Organic Farming, Intensive farming is a controversial
farming method. Intensive farming aims to produce maximum yield
from available land. Food is produced in large quantities with the help
of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which is evidently where the

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Lauren Carry
difference to organic farming is shown. The products such as eggs
and meat are available in many supermarkets are produced using
modern intensive farming. Intensive farming is practiced widely by
developed economies. Sustainable intensive farming, intensive
aquaculture, intensive live stock farming and managed intensive
grazing fall under intensive farming. There are many advantages to
intensive farming, the main one being the high yield. Organic farming
has been shown to produce a small yield, so the appeal of intensive
farming is high.…read more

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Lauren Carry
and more friendly method and I think that it should definitely be
used instead of intensive farming.…read more


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