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Infancy 0-2
0 Infants begin to recognise faces and voices (memory begins to develop)
0 Language development:
0 Non verbal skills develop
0 Communication skills develop e.g. `babbling' into words, sounds and facial
expressions. Most 2 year olds use 2 worded sentences e.g. `sally comed'
0 Respond to simple instructions e.g. clap, wave etc
0 Cognitive (thinking) development:
0 Sensorimotor development-They learn about the world by using their senses e.
g.(touch, hearing, sight, smell and taste
0 At the beginning of the life stage they do not understand that things still exist
when they are not in sight. E.g. they are stunned when you play peek a boo
0 They can work out that objects don't just stop existing because they are out of
sight near the end of the life stage (18 months-2 years old)
0 They respond to physical stimuli e.g. they cry when there nappy is wet…read more

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Childhood 2-8
0 Language skills:
0 Language slowly develops but doesn't fully develop into
`adult language' until about 5 or 6 years old
0 Thinking skills:
0 Children base thinking on what they see not what is logical
e.g. a ton of feathers will weigh more than an iron bar
because the feathers look more.
0 Imagination develops e.g. broom turns into a horse
0 Concrete operations (later in the life stage)-Understanding
that adding to something makes it bigger etc…read more

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Adolescence 9-18
0 Logical thinking develops- Abstract Thinking
0 Imaginational skills develop e.g. you can put yourself
in a setting which hasn't occurred
0 Planning skills develop. They are able to plan and
make decision. Due to the lack of experience it may
not always be the correct decision. Decision making
skills are always developing with age and experience.
0 Memory capacity develops
0 Understanding of human relationships
0 Using foresight to predict future situations…read more

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Adulthood 19-65
0 Early adulthood to middle adulthood:
0 Intellectual development is at its peak as so is
cognitive development.
0 Late adulthood-old age:
0 Decline in intellectual and cognitive process
0 Memory becomes less effective
0 75 years+ intellectual functioning may reduce
0 A few elderly people may experience dementia…read more

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