Institutionalisation experiments and studies

  • Hodges & Tizzard
  • Rutter et Al

Procedure, Resluts, Conclusion, Evaluations 

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  • Created on: 03-01-15 16:17
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Hodges & Tizzard
Aim To see if early privation affects later relationships
:
Procedure Results
65 children were placed in 70% of the children didn't
institutions and weren't able care deeply for anyone.
to form attachments. The children who were put
They were assessed back with their biological
regularly till their 16th mothers were less likely to
birthday. form an attachment
Some children stayed at the Adopted children were
institution some went back able to attach as normal.
to their first homes and All children had trouble
some were adopted with peers and were likely
to be bullies
Conclusion Evaluation

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Early privation has a Strengths: Longitudinal
negative effect on the study, lots of data, high
ability to form ecological validity, lots of
relationships. participants = reliable
because of similar results
Supports Bowlby's
Limitations: there were
theory that we have a
some drop outs, unethical
sensitive period in which to keep participants from
we must form an making an attachment,
attachment. can't be generalised, child
may have already had an
attachment and therefore
felt rejected.…read more

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Romanian orphans (poorly Children adopted after the
treated and malnourished) were age of 2 were more likely
adopted into British Families. to have disinhibited
Rutter naturally observed 3 attachment behaviours
groups of children e.g. attention seeking
o Adopted before 6 months (even to strangers).
o Adopted from 6 ­ 24
Disinhibited attachment
months
Adopted after the age was extremely rare in UK
of 2 born adoptees & children
adopted at a young age.…read more

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