Institutionalisation and Privation

Simplified notes on Institutionalisation and Privation for AQA as level PSYA1. Includes definitions, research by Hodges and Tizard, evaluation points, disinhibited attachment, Czech twins case studies and Genie case study plus reactive attachment disorder. Hope it helps :)

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  • Created by: Fatima
  • Created on: 16-04-12 19:29

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INSTITUTIONALISATION

Result of institutional care
Institution; looks after children/mentally ill
Place where people live for a period of time (without going home every day ­ DayCare)

Research

HODGES AND TIZARD
Aims; long term effects of privation due to institutionalisation including the
emotional/social effects in adolescence

Procedure

65 children taken into…

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o Researchers did not control who was adopted etc.
o So adopted/restored group may have difference
o Adopted children; more friendly, less troubled, parents choose children
easier to get on with
o CHILDS TEMPREMENT MAY HAVE BEEN A CONFOUNDING VARIABLE
Alternative explanation;
o Findings at age sixteen explained in other…

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CASE STUDY 2; Genie (Curtiss, 1977)

Isolation, severe neglect and physical restraint
Strapped to child's potty in a bare room
Sometimes had to resort to eating own faeces
Punished if she made any sound
Found at 13 but had appearance of 6/7 year old.
Could barely walk, virtually no sounds…

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