INSIDER AND OUTSIDER PRESSURE GROUPS

Key differences between insider and outsider pressure groups in the UK, also included are some examples of pressure groups. Good for AS OCR Government and politics:)

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  • Created on: 20-01-13 19:52
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Insider and Outsider pressure groups
Differences between insider and outsider pressure groups:
Insider Groups Outsider Groups
Have strong links with government They cannot expect to be consulted with
decision makers and are regularly during the policymaking process, nor
consulted can they expect to gain access to
They are the groups that the government ministers + civil servants
considered to be legitimate Have to work outside the governmental
They have high membership and high decision process, therefore have fewer
membership density suggesting that a opportunities to determine the direction
pressure group represents a large of policy
number and proportion of people Their membership or membership
concerned about a particular issue. density may often (but not always) be
(Membership density is the ratio of relatively small
actual members to potential members.) Their objectives and/or methods may
Usually their objectives are compatible be unpopular with the general public
with the objectives of the government and seen by government as
and with public opinion unacceptable and nonlegitimate.
They are willing to operate through the They are often campaigning on
"normal political channels" rather than to issues that provoke considerable
controversy
engage in high profile demonstrations or
They are not seen by governments
direct action
as valuable sources of information
and advice they are unlikely to be
involved in the legitimation and/or
implementation of government
policies and they possess little or
economic leverage or veto power.
Examples of insider groups
BMA(British medical association)
NSPCC
Police Federation
WWF
Worldwide Fund for Nature
Dogs Trust
Examples of outsider groups
IRA( Irish Republican Army)
Amnesty International
Hayley Burrows, Government & Politics

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