Info on the crucible and the exam.

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The Crucible exam
"Explore the ways in which Miller presents... [X interacting with Y] or [attributes to...] in [context]
In your answer you must consider how the playwright uses literary, linguistic and rhetorical devices
and conventions to create specific dramatic effects".
A fictionalised historical drama, with a central tragic action ­ John Proctor as hero unable to give up
his authentic `name' to a lie, even at the cost of his own life.
The play is written text, but Miller attempts to create a convincing spoken mode (some archaism,
some idiolect and dialect features), but also highly rhetorical= quite appropriately, since this is a play
about persuasion, convincing others through words... the performance of language.
Idiolect ­ the way in which each character speaks e.g. the character may have an older language
Dialect ­ where the person is from, it is regional words (not accents).
The relationship between author / text / reader ­ Miller's position in history, his criticism of the
1950's McCarthy `witch hunts' against supposed communists in America
More significantly: The fictional situationin Dalem and the significance of place ­ and the
presuppositions that come with it; social, physical and psychological factors: authority, status, power.
Each act of the play: Four locations:
Act 1: An upper bedroom in the home of Reverend Parris, in Spring 1692
Act 2: The common room of Proctor's house, eight days later
Act 3: The vestry room of the Salem meeting house, now serving as the anteroom of the General
Act 4: A cell in Salem jail, that Autumn (Fall).
^^^ Seems to be a series of seasons that change the locations of scenes.
Millers overall intentions in this scene; dramatic effect of suspense, conflict, dramatic irony (where
the audience know more than the characters, Panto etc) etc, + relation to theme

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Hoe is the reader of audience in the theatre affected by the language? What is the audience
supposed to believe / feel / know at this point of the play?
Conversational purpose the intention/objectives/goals of each character in the scene...…read more

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Agenda setting
Topic shifts
Length of utterance
Adjacency pairs
Spontaneity and non-fluency: THIS IS NOT A TRANSCRIPT OF A SPONTANEOUS SEECH ACT: it is
written, crafted by the author to be spoken: therefore if Miller uses non-fluent, it must be
Types of Speech Acts: declaratives, interrogatives, imperatives ALSO more specifically: insult,
promise, explanation, refusal etc. ­ Speech is doing!
`Face', politeness and `hedging'; convergence; naming strategies.…read more

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The edge of the wilderness was close by. The American continent stretched endlessly west, and it
was full of mystery for them. It stood, dark and threatening. Indian tribes marauded from time to
And ­ is a conjunction.…read more



Really good source of information, includes lots of terminology necessary for the exam! Thank you :)

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