Influences of childhood experiences on adult relationships


HideShow resource information
Preview of Influences of childhood experiences on adult relationships

First 500 words of the document:

Influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships
A01 Studies A02/3
Parent-child Relationships Research Support Evaluation points
Bowlby ­ later relationships are a continuation of early Fraley ­ carried out a meta-analysis ­ found correlations An individual's attachment type is caused by the current
attachment styles ­ behaviour of primary attachment figures ranging from +.10 +.50 between early attachment type and relationship ­ happily married couples = securely attached
promote an internal working model of relationships ­ expect success in adult relationships
same in later relationships Simpson et al ­ longitudinal study ­ supports claim that
Also learn about caregiving by modelling behaviour of primary expression of emotions in adult relationships ­ traced back to
attachment figure ­ reflected when they're adults attachment experiences during childhood ­found securely
Shaver et al (1988) ­ we experience romantic love in attached infants = more socially competent as children ­
adulthood is an integration of 3 behavioural systems acquired closer to friends as adolescents & more emotionally attached
as an infant ­ attachment, caregiving & sexuality systems. to partners at adults.
First system related to the Internal Working Model ­ later
relationships continuation of early attachments.
Sexuality system ­ learned in early attachment ­ children who
suffer from avoidant attachment ­ view that sex without love
is pleasurable
Interactions with peers Interaction with peers ­ gender differences I.D.A Determinism in development of adult relationships
Qualter & Munn found children learn from experiences Richard & Schneider (2005) ­ found girls have more Research suggests that early experiences have a fixed effect
with other children. Determines how child thinks about intimate friendships than boys ­ more likely to report care and on later adult relationships ­ however, researchers have found
themselves. security in relationships with other girls. many examples where people experienced happy adult
These interactions ­ child develops sense of their own value ­ Erwin (1993) ­ found boys relationships tend to be relationships ­ when they weren't securely attached as an
determine how they approach adult relationships. competitive ­ attributed to greater emphasis on competitive infant
Having a friend to confide in ­ promotes feelings of trust & play activities. Girls ­ more likely to engage in cooperative &
acceptance ­ important in adult relationships sharing activities. However, suggests that these gender
Nangle et al (2003) ­ claim children's friendships are differences have been over-emphasised ­ many similarities are I.D.A Links to Psycholopathlogical disorders
overlooked. Some children find any close relationships hard ­suffer from
training grounds for important adult relationships. Close
attachment disorders.
friends ­ characterised by affection, sense of alliance &
Results in behaviour & emotions create a disturbed way of
personal information. Important in later romantic
relating to others ­ may affect adult relationships
Continuity hypothesis Include Hazen and Shaver ­ Rocky Mountain News study
Claim that early relationship experiences continue in later adult
Internal Working Model
Suggested that we create a template for future relationships
based on our childhood experiences and past relationships

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Influence of childhood experiences on adult relationships…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »