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Industry Case Studies

Factors affecting location of steelworks ­ Teesside, (Middlesbrough)

Located near the sea overseas markets
Good labour supply
Local raw materials from Cleveland hills iron ore from hills, coking coal from Durham coalfield, limestone from East Durham plateau
Transport was not as well developed as it is today…

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TNC ­ Wal-Mart

World's largest TNC
Operates in mostly NIC's and MEDC's
1st store opens in Arkansas, US in 1962
Criticised because it puts other small businesses out of work ­ located on outskirts of town

TNC's locating in LEDC's ­ Bhopal Disaster, India

Dec 1984 ­ poisonous gas emitted…

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Malaysia- NIC

Tourism natural landscapes, oceans and beaches, low airfares, tropical, wild-life
Industrial Growth more popular holiday destination, developing rapidly in manufacturing, part of British Commonwealth
Cottage Industries still exist, workers in home/workshop, `Batik' successful
Processing raw materials rubber, palm oil, hardwood and tin. Unprocessed materials ­ main source of…

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Ravenscraig, Scotland

Background iron and steel works, materials ­ iron ore, limestone, coal; site for 120 years, major markets in Clydeside,
Industrial Inertia factors changed (no more raw. materials), markets disappeared ­ cars and ships, relocation was expensive
Social cost factors keeping R.C. open = social cost of closing Motherwell's…

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Livingston developed, 1/5 new towns, 45,000 occupants, success: transport links, nice rural environment, young, trained workforce, industrial
and service back-up for firms on site, custom built factories, Kirkton campus research park, positive publicity overseas
NEC one of 2 largest employers in Livingston, 2,000 staff, £250 million on factories in glen;…

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