Medicine

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Shamans Sekhmet Thoth
Where from? Pre-historic Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egyptian
What they did. Conducted ritual Goddess who caused or Gave doctors the skill
involving magic and cured disease. to cure.
charms. Based medicine
on religion.
Accepted? Yes Yes Yes
Other facts Faith and rituals Religion based Religion based->God
Hippocrates Aristotle Galen
Where from? Ancient Greece Ancient Greece Ancient Rome
What they did. Approached natural Built on Hippocrates Supported Hippocrates
explanations rather idea. Developed on and Aristotle. Studied
than supernatural. causes and treatment human. Galen wrote
Explored other of disease. Said body only his successes and
philosophers before. made from four liquids never failures. Many
Rejected magical cures. ­ blood, black bile, books survived through
Wanted doctors to rely phlegm and yellow bile Rome and reputation
on clinical observation. & known theory of four lasted for 1000 years.
Clinical observation ­ humors. Make people Treated Gladiators
Diagnoses, Prognosis, better restore the wound.
Observation & balance.
Treatment
Accepted? Yes Yes Yes
Other facts Created Hippocratic Created four humors. Couldn't perform
oath ­ still used today human dissections. And
Greek.
Abul Kasim Ibn-An Nafis Ibn Sina
Where from? Arabic Arabic Arabic
What they did Wrote a book on Many illegal Write the cannon of
surgery. Containing observations. medicine. Based on
advice on amputations, Discovered errors with Galenic theory but
fractures and Galen's works. In 1242 tweaked. Ideas spread
dislocations. How to he said blood passed as result of the
titch wounds together through the lungs and crusades.
and dentistry. not through septum.
Accepted? Yes No Yes
Other facts Book Illegal dissections Book translated into
Latin for Europe.

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Local Monks Barber surgeons Wise Women
Where from? Middle Ages Middle Ages Middle Ages
What they did. Believed in four humors. Gave "cures". Risky as Used traditional cures,
Prescribed Herbal little knowledge on Herbal Remedies.
remedies. Sold drug human anatomy. Did Helpful for pregnancy
and medicine. basic amputations etc. and childbirth.
Accepted? Yes Yes Yes
Other facts Based on Galen's Galen Traditional
theory
Vesalius Harvey Pare
Where from? Brussels / Belgium England France
What they did. Performed dissections Dissected animals.…read more

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FRANCO- PRUSSIAN WAR
Beveridge Snow Gutenberg
Where from? England England
What they did Wrote a report post Discovered that cholera Printing press.
WII. Said government's was being created Improved technology.
responsibility to care through dirty water in Was able to print books
for the people. Created the Thames. Couldn't in the masses.
5 evils -> injustice, explain how it worked
idleness, disease, only that it did.
ignorance and squalor
Accepted? Yes No Yes
Other facts.…read more

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Other facts. Florey and chain took Called it the magic Wasn't first to discover
his idea and massed bullet. penicillin.
produced.…read more

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