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Jim Cole

2004 Indian Ocean tsunami


December 26th 2004
At ~01:00GMT
Epicentre 256km off Banda Aceh, on Sumatra's west coast, in Indian Ocean & Bay of

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Jim Cole


Earthquake of magnitude 8.8-9.3 (USGS says 9.1)
Epicentre 256km off Banda Aceh, on Sumatra's west coast
Hypocentre depth of 30km below sea level (10km below seabed)
Rupture of the Sunda Megathrust fault (assumed dormant) over 1,300km long
Destructive boundary between Indo-Australian Plate subducting under Burma Plate at…

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Jim Cole

Widespread destruction of infrastructure was caused, including the destruction of
power transmission, and clean water and sewerage pipes. Roads were flooded or
destroyed (82%) making them impassable.
Communications links severed, so relief efforts were not easily coordinated
Outlying islands of Sumatra were completely swamped, with 110 bridges, 5…

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Jim Cole

Total of US$14 billion was provided in aid
Asian Development Bank handled money
US provided aircraft for Search & Rescue, surveying and transport of aid cargo such
as food, shelters and dry ice to preserve the dead
Corruption hampered aid efforts ­ Sri Lanka refused Israeli aid efforts…


Mr A Gibson


Facts, figures, information before, during and after the event. A succinct resource to help you with a case study.

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