Increasing Water Supply

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Method Description Example
Water Transfer China north south project 2003
o $62 billion over 50 years to compete
o 3 canals which run 1,300km across eastern, western and
middle China linking Yangtze, Yellow, Hai and Han (major
rivers)
o Transfer of 44.8billion m³/year
o Government funded 60% of costs whereas the rest of the
funding was sourced from local authorities and users such
as industry and domestic
Aim to improve irrigation large amount of rice crops which can be
more efficiently grown
Rather than using the flooding technique on the paddy fields
Irrigation will reduce water wasted and lost though
evaporation
Risks:
Ecological due to the resettlement of water which will affect
quality costing to treat
Pollution of water source from unchecked agricultural
runoff which may contain pesticides and fertilisers
Yellow river water is undrinkable due to the high sediment
load mixing waters only create a higher demand for
purification of water source
Artesian Water The Great Artesian Basin became an important water supply for
cattle stations, irrigation, and livestock and domestic usage, and is a
vital life line for rural Australia.
To tap it, water wells are drilled down to a suitable rock layer, where
the pressure of the water forces it up, mostly without pumping
MANAGEMENT:
o As the Great Artesian Basin underlies parts of Queensland,
New South Wales, South Australia and the Northern
Territory, which each operate under different legislative
frameworks, policies and resource management
approaches, a coordinated "wholeofBasin" approach to the
management of this important natural resource is required.

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The Great Artesian Basin Coordinating Committee
(GABCC) provides advice from community organisations
and agencies to State, Territory and Australian Government
o The primary role of the Committee is to provide advice to
State, Territory and Australian Government Ministers on
efficient, effective and sustainable wholeofBasin resource
management and to coordinate activity between
stakeholders.…read more

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