In-depth Study : Near-death Experiences

In-depth study of near-death experiences

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Neardeath Experiences Homework September 2008
1. A neardeath experience (NDE) refers to a broad range of personal experiences
associated with impending death, encompassing multiple possible sensations ranging from
detachment from the body, feelings of levitation, extreme fear, total serenity, security, or
warmth, the experience of absolute dissolution, and the presence of a light, which some
people interpret as a deity or spiritual presence. Some cultures and individuals revere NDEs
as a paranormal and spiritual glimpse into the afterlife.
By Dr. Raymond Moody in 1975.
2. The answer about the significance of NDE is beginning to come from studies carried out
with patients who have had a cardiac arrest.
Cardiac arrest patients are a subgroup of people who come closest to death. In such a
situation an individual initially develops two out of three criteria (the absence of spontaneous
breathing and heartbeat) of clinical death. Shortly afterwards (within seconds) these are
followed by the third, which occurs due to the loss of activity of the areas of the brain
responsible for sustaining life (brainstem) and thought processes (cerebral cortex). Brain
monitoring using EEG in animals and humans has also demonstrated that the brain ceases to
function at that time. During a cardiac arrest, the blood pressure drops almost immediately
to unrecordable levels and at the same time, due to a lack of blood flow, the brain stops
functioning as seen by flat brain waves (isoelectric line) on the monitor within around 10
seconds. This then remains the case throughout the time when the heart is given 'electric
shock' therapy or when drugs such as adrenaline are given until the heartbeat is finally
restored and the patient is resuscitated. Due to the lack of brain function in these
circumstances, therefore, one would not expect there to be any lucid, wellstructured
thought processes, with reasoning and memory formation, which are characteristic of NDEs.
Nevertheless, and contrary to what we would expect scientifically, studies have shown that
'near death experiences' do occur in such situations. This therefore raises a question of how
such lucid and wellstructured thought processes, together with such clear and vivid
memories, occur in individuals who have little or no brain function. In other words, it would
appear that the mind is seen to continue in a clinical setting in which there is little or no brain
function. In particular, there have been reports of people being able to 'see' details from the
events that occurred during their cardiac arrest, such as their dentures being removed.
(Dr Sam Parnia)
NDE Account Summaries
1 Adult
Joyce Hawkes, a scientist, with a PhD, feel out of a window. As she fell out, she felt that her
spirit/ soul had left her to go to another reality. "I think what I learned was that there truly is
no death, that there is a change in state from a physical form to a spirit form, and that there's
nothing to fear about that passage," she said. From
1 Child
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A child once went to sleep and was whooshed along a grey tunnel (his soul). At the end of
the tunnel were his grandma, great grandpa and grandma. Next a lightilluminated man
walked towards them, it wasn't Jesus. The he suddenly came down to earth. He was 7.
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