Improving Memory

AQA,A Memory

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Mnemonics are;"ways of organising information using visual
Concrete nouns are;"nouns that can be easily visualised, so
they are easier to remember than abstract words because
they are coded both in verbal code and as a visual image."
Understanding of information has been shown to be
important for memorising things because;"participants who
were given the title 'Doing the Laundry' for the passage
given in Brandsford and Johnson's experiment did better on
the recall test than those who were not given the title."
Chunking improves memory because;"it breaks information
up into meaningful groups, helping us understand the
It has found to be easier to remember things is the retrieval
context is similar to the encoding context, for
example;"when asked to imagine a set of words being said
in ither a male or a female voice and then being read a list
of words containing some from the previous list and some
new words, participants were more successful at
recognising which words had been on the original list when
the gender of the voice of presentation was the same as the
gender of the voice they had been told to imagine."
It has been suggested that other similarities between
encoding and retrieval can improve memory, for
example;"similar moods of the participant or similar
Craik and Lockhart's experiment to show that rehearsal is
not the best form of remembering is;"where participants
were divided into 4 groups and asked to carry out tasks on
words; answer structural questions, carry out acoustic
tasks, carry out semantic tasks or try to memorise them."

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The findings of Craik and Lockhart's experiment
were;"people in group 3 and 4 did the best, showing
meaningful engagement with the words helps to remember
them better, and that learning is incidental; you do not have
to make a deliberate effort to remember."
SF was an individual who could;"memorise lists of up to 80
digits by practising memorising digits for an hour a day over
a 2 year period, however his memory span for words and
letters was average.…read more


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