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The imperative
The word `imperative' means `an order' (the Latin
for `I order' is impero)
Galatea gave many orders in the previous stories,
`emove illos iuvenes' Move those young men
`iuvenes! cedite!' Young men! Give way!
1. To form an order, start with the infinitive.
2. Take off the re ending. If you're addressing
only one person, this is the form you need,
e.g. `salvere' becomes `salve, magistra'.
3. If you want to address more than one
person, you must add `te', e.g. `salvete,
1 2 3 4
infinitive portare sedere trahere audire
imperativ porta sede trahe audi
e (sing.)
imperativ portate sedete trahite audite
e (pl.)
To tell someone not to do something, use
`noli/nolite' (sing/pl) with the infinitive, e.g.

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Don't run! (sing.)
`nolite currere' Don't run! (pl.)
Notice that these are the imperative forms of the
verb `nolo', so `noli currere' literally means `be
unwilling to run'.…read more


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