Impact Of One Cognitive Development Explanation On Education

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  • Created on: 21-06-12 16:50
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Impact Of One Cognitive Development Explanation On Education ­ Andrew F
AO1's AO2's
1 The Plowden Report in 1967 made a
number of recommendations for British
education based on the work of Piaget.
Since then, the work of Piaget, Vygotsky
and Bruner have changed the way that
children are taught throughout the western
2 Piaget's theory has fundamentally changed 1 The National Curriculum enables children to
the way that children are taught. Piaget engage with learning at an appropriate
believed that cognitive development developmental level. Primary aged children
cannot occur until the child has matured the will learn at the concrete level and formal
correct brain mechanisms to think at this operations are not introduced to the
level. Therefore, the curriculum must reflect curriculum until the child is at secondary
the different way that children think. school.
3 Piaget proposed that children learn
through disequilibration, which requires
them to assimilate or accommodate new
information. Teachers must challenge the
learning of their students and help them to
change their thinking in order to promote
cognitive development.
4 Piaget also believes that the developing 2 Therefore, the modern classroom must
child is a scientist, testing the world alone, enable developing children to discover new
without the help of others. information for themselves.
3 Piaget's approach has been challenged by
those who suggest that education is a
process of learning which leads
development, such as Vygotsky. It has been
shown that preoperational children are
capable of solving problems at an early age
if their learning is supported.
4 Vygotsky also suggests that Piaget's theory
has focused too much on discovery learning.
This limits the opportunity for the teacher and
others to interact with the child and scaffold
their learning.
5 Piaget suggested that discovery learning 5 However, it is likely that progress was
is fundamental to cognitive development. limited because the environment did not
During the 1970s there was great challenge children and teachers were not
emphasis placed on discovery learning, sufficiently trained to undertake this type of
but during the 1980s and 90s, this fell out teaching.
of favour as educationalists suggested that
student progress was poor using this
6 Also it may have been because the tests
were formal and just a limited means of
assessing children's cognitive development.
6 Many psychologists and sociologists
argue that lack of social interaction limits

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Impact Of One Cognitive Development Explanation On Education ­ Andrew F
children's educational opportunities
therefore Piaget's theory has limited value.
7 Vygotsky believed in a social constructivist
approach, where learning is scaffolded by
more knowledgeable others. This gives a
more central role for teachers and for peer
8 The classroom is now more focused on 7 This is supported by Gokhale who showed
group learning than on discovery learning.…read more

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Impact Of One Cognitive Development Explanation On Education ­ Andrew F
this view, for example concordance data for
the development of intelligence suggests a
degree of heritability for this trait.
16 The biological approach would therefore
argue that the development opportunities for
each child are determined before birth. This
is deterministic, however it must be
considered within any theory of cognitive
development.…read more


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