Slides in this set
WHAT IS A CONCEPTUAL SCHEME?
· Kant proposed that in order to make sense of our experience and
prevent it from being a `confused buzz' and make it intelligible we
need a few very basic concepts.
· Kant argues that there are 12 concepts including CAUSALITY.
· Causality allows us to know what experiences occur and in what
· It also allows us to know what causes a change in our perception.
(HOUSE AND BOAT ANALOGY)
· These categories are NECESSARY for us to have experience. They are
priori to our experience and thus a priori.
· This is why Kant and conceptual schemes is a rationalist view.
· Kant argues that all these concepts are a `pure thought of an object'
· it is impossible for us to have a pure sensation. We cannot even talk
about it meaningfully, because a pure sensation is something we
cannot experience as it comes before the application of concepts.
· Experience is always conceptualised.…read more
KANT'S OBJECTION TO OTHER
· Kant argues against rationalists and empiricists.
· He says that they cannot explain the relation between the
mind and the world that is necessary for knowledge.
· The empiricists assume that the senses `let in ideas' (the
world how it really is)
· And rationalists assume that our innate concepts match it.
(the world and objects)
· Both of these are unjustified.
· Maybe how we experience the world is completely
different of the way the world is.
· It is impossible to find out because we cannot know of
things that are independent of our mind.…read more
· THERE ARE TWO IMPLICATIONS OF KANT
· 1) The idea of an object does not reflect the
world, it reflects the mind.
· So everyday objects are defined by our structured
experience of them.
· 2) we cannot know anything about how reality is
completely independent of how we think it is.
· This is because we cannot think of reality
independently of our mind and the concepts,…read more
Different interpretations of the
· Many philosophers have pointed out that human
beings don't all have the same concepts. They say that
different cultures and different languages work with a
different set of concepts or conceptual schemes.
· HOW DOES THIS WORK?
· These philosophers have argues that there two
distinguishable elements to our experience:
1. The data of the senses are different
2. The interpretation of this data by a set of concepts is
· Depending on this data, different people would
enforce different conceptual schemes.…read more