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ID, Ego Superego
The ID function is the irrational and emotional part of the mind. At birth a baby's mind
is all ID. The ID is the primitive mind, it contains all the basic needs and feelings, it is
also the source for the Libide (psychic energy). It has only one rule- the pleasure
principle. It is bound up in self-gratification and is uncaring to others.
The Ego function is the rational part of the mind. It's a growing awareness that you
can't always get what you want. The ego relates to the real world and understands the
reality principle. The ego realises the need for compromise and negotiates between the
ID and Super Ego. The Ego denies both instant gratifications and delays the need for
The Super Ego is the last part of the mind to develop, the moral part of the mind an
embodiment of parental and societal values. It stores and enforces rules. It constantly
strives for perfection even though this perfection ideal may be quite far from reality.
The ego ideal and conscience
the super ego has two-sub systems `ego ideal' and `conscience'
Ego ideal provides relies of good behaviour.
The conscience is about what is bad behaviour.
Neuroses and Psychoses
Neuroses are mental health problems that are aware they have difficulties and are
capable of having an insight into these problems to help themselves get better.
Psychoses are mental health problems that are not aware of their problems.